Subarachnoid pressure recordings were made during atlanto-occipital myelography in 45 dogs with clinical signs of spinal disease. Iohexol was injected at a dosage of 0.3 ml/kg body weight and simultaneous pressure values were recorded in the cerebellomedullary cistern. The mean subarachnoid pressure was 9 ± 3 mmHg before and 70 ± 32 mmHg at the end of administration. From the pressure change induced by the volume load, the pressure-volume index (PVI) of the subarachnoid space was calculated and found to be in close correlation with body weight and the crown-rump length (r = 0.94 and 0.87). Using the estimated PVI values, the appropriate volume of contrast medium can be calculated for an animal according to body weight. Dogs of a large body size require relatively less contrast medium than small-sized dogs (range 0.17-0.35 ml/kg). This calculated volume is unlikely to increase the subarachnoid pressure above 40 mmHg as a specific pressure limit. Using these data, simplified recommendations for the choice of contrast medium volumes have been generated.
- Pressure-volume index
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