Pressure distribution in the pial arterial system of rats based on morphometric data and mathematical models.

A. G. Hudetz, K. A. Conger, J. H. Halsey, M. Pal, O. Dohán, A. G. Kovach

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Abstract

The objective of the present work was a theoretical evaluation of pial arterial pressures in normotensive rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats based on the geometry and topography of the pial arterial system as well as on various topological models of the vascular trees. Pial branches of the middle cerebral artery in the diameter range of 30-320 microns were selectively visualized by corrosion compound, and the diameter and length of vascular segments were measured. The vessels were classified into branching orders by the methods of Horsfield and Strahler. The steady-state pressure distribution in the pial arterial system was calculated assuming that the flow at the bifurcations was partitioned in proportion to a given power of the diameters of the daughter branches (diameter exponent). The maximum number of vascular segments along the longest branch varied between 16 and 33. The mean branching ratio was 4.14 +/- 0.23 (SD). The mean diameter of vessels classified into Strahler orders 1-5 were: 50 +/- 12, 71 +/- 19, 106 +/- 22, 168 +/- 22, and 191 +/- 7 microns, respectively. The calculated pressure drop in the pial trees of normotensive rats was approximately twice as large in proximal orders 3 and 4 than in distal orders 1 and 2. The mean pressure in arteries of order 1 ranged from 54.4 to 58.4 mm Hg in the normotensive rat (input pressure: 83 mm Hg), and from 77.2 to 89.0 mm Hg in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (input pressure: 110 mm Hg). The coefficient of variation of terminal pressures in vessels of order 1 increased linearly with the mean pressure drop in the system. The coefficient of variation in terminal pressure had a minimum as a function of the diameter exponent in case of each pial tree. At its minimum, it was higher in all spontaneously hypertensive rats (10.1-22.9%) than in any normotensive rats (6.0-8.5%). The corresponding diameter exponents were in most cases lower in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (1.3-2.5) than in the normotensive rat (2.5-3.0). Topologically consistent models of the pial arterial network predicted significantly less variation in intravascular pressures than was obtained by direct calculations. More idealized models suggested the dependence of coefficient of variation in terminal pressure on the total number of vascular segments contained by the tree. All models predicted the existence of the minimum of coefficient of variation in terminal pressure in function of the diameter exponent.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)342-355
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Volume7
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1987

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Theoretical Models
Pressure
Inbred SHR Rats
Blood Vessels
Corrosion
Middle Cerebral Artery
Arterial Pressure
Arteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Pressure distribution in the pial arterial system of rats based on morphometric data and mathematical models. / Hudetz, A. G.; Conger, K. A.; Halsey, J. H.; Pal, M.; Dohán, O.; Kovach, A. G.

In: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, Vol. 7, No. 3, 06.1987, p. 342-355.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hudetz, A. G. ; Conger, K. A. ; Halsey, J. H. ; Pal, M. ; Dohán, O. ; Kovach, A. G. / Pressure distribution in the pial arterial system of rats based on morphometric data and mathematical models. In: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 1987 ; Vol. 7, No. 3. pp. 342-355.
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AU - Conger, K. A.

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AU - Pal, M.

AU - Dohán, O.

AU - Kovach, A. G.

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N2 - The objective of the present work was a theoretical evaluation of pial arterial pressures in normotensive rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats based on the geometry and topography of the pial arterial system as well as on various topological models of the vascular trees. Pial branches of the middle cerebral artery in the diameter range of 30-320 microns were selectively visualized by corrosion compound, and the diameter and length of vascular segments were measured. The vessels were classified into branching orders by the methods of Horsfield and Strahler. The steady-state pressure distribution in the pial arterial system was calculated assuming that the flow at the bifurcations was partitioned in proportion to a given power of the diameters of the daughter branches (diameter exponent). The maximum number of vascular segments along the longest branch varied between 16 and 33. The mean branching ratio was 4.14 +/- 0.23 (SD). The mean diameter of vessels classified into Strahler orders 1-5 were: 50 +/- 12, 71 +/- 19, 106 +/- 22, 168 +/- 22, and 191 +/- 7 microns, respectively. The calculated pressure drop in the pial trees of normotensive rats was approximately twice as large in proximal orders 3 and 4 than in distal orders 1 and 2. The mean pressure in arteries of order 1 ranged from 54.4 to 58.4 mm Hg in the normotensive rat (input pressure: 83 mm Hg), and from 77.2 to 89.0 mm Hg in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (input pressure: 110 mm Hg). The coefficient of variation of terminal pressures in vessels of order 1 increased linearly with the mean pressure drop in the system. The coefficient of variation in terminal pressure had a minimum as a function of the diameter exponent in case of each pial tree. At its minimum, it was higher in all spontaneously hypertensive rats (10.1-22.9%) than in any normotensive rats (6.0-8.5%). The corresponding diameter exponents were in most cases lower in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (1.3-2.5) than in the normotensive rat (2.5-3.0). Topologically consistent models of the pial arterial network predicted significantly less variation in intravascular pressures than was obtained by direct calculations. More idealized models suggested the dependence of coefficient of variation in terminal pressure on the total number of vascular segments contained by the tree. All models predicted the existence of the minimum of coefficient of variation in terminal pressure in function of the diameter exponent.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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