The present epizootiological situation of some of the most important notifiable diseases is reviewed. Foot and mouth disease has not occurred in Hungary since 1973. Restrictions of transport of susceptible animals and animal products across the borders in case of emergency, rigorous observation of the relating animal health rules and that of the contingency plan give a good chance to prevent foot and mouth disease or in case of an outbreak they provide all means for the quick eradication of the disease. Swine fever is a constant threat for each country in Central Europe. Stamping out policy alone seems not to be enough for the eradication of the disease at least not in a region where movement of people and animals can not be efficiently controlled. Stamping out should be combined with emergency ring vaccination in infected areas with marker vaccines. Such vaccines are already commercially available. At present about 30 per cent of the Hungarian swine breeder herds are free of Aujeszky's disease. The method vaccinate, test and select is the most proper way of eradication. Only gI-negative vaccines should be used. The relating rules and the economic conditons should be modified in order to accelerate the eradication of the disease. Eradication of enzootic bovine leucosis is in an advanced stage. The eradication can be finished within one or two years. The present rules require only the serological examination of each cattle over two years of age in every third year. This is too long time in a country where the eradication is in the end stage or has just been finished. Young calves over six months of age should be examined in each half year in order to recognise and to remove each infected animal in time. Cattle herds over two years of age should also be examined serologically once per year at least for three years after eradication of the disease. Hungary is free of scrapie and BSE based on the regular histological examination of brain samples of ruminants succumbed to disease with neurological signs.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1997|
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