Preparation of In,H-ZSM-5 for DeNOx reactions by solid-state ion exchange

R. M. Mihályi, Z. Schay, Á Szegedi

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A simple method is proposed to prepare In,H-ZSM-5 catalyst for DeNOx reactions. This consists of mechanically mixing the fine powders of In2O3 and H-ZSM-5 followed by heating in oxygen free inert gas flow to 580 °C where indium undergoes thermal auto-reduction and moves into exchange positions as In+ without destroying the crystalline structure of the zeolite. It was evidenced by IR, temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) and reoxidation that, once In+ was introduced into the lattice either by reductive solid-state ion exchange (RSSIE) or by thermal auto-reductive SSIE, it can be oxidized by O2 or in the DeNOx reaction to (InO)+. The formed (InO)+ can easily be reduced to In+ suggesting that In,H-ZSM-5 might be a good catalyst for reactions where a redox cycle in the catalyst is involved in the reaction mechanism. Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) by methane proved that only a small fraction of In exchanged, together with some acid sites of the zeolite formed the active center for the catalytic reaction. XRD, XPS and FT-IR using pyridine proved that the structure of the zeolite and these centers are stable under reaction conditions and In is mainly in the form of (InO)+ in the used catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-260
Number of pages8
JournalCatalysis Today
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - May 30 2009



  • In,H-ZSM-5
  • InO/H-ZSM-5
  • Redox cycle
  • SCR of NOx
  • Solid-state ion exchange
  • Thermal auto-reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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