Preliminary Findings on the Optimization of Visual Performance in Patients with Age-Related Macular Degeneration Using Biofeedback Training

Mirella T.S. Barboni, Zsuzsanna Récsán, Zsuzsanna Szepessy, Mónika Ecsedy, Balázs Vince Nagy, Dora F. Ventura, Zoltán Zsolt Nagy, János Németh

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Abstract

Biofeedback training has been used to improve fixation stability in subjects with central vision loss, but the psychophysiological mechanisms underlying the functional improvements resulted was not reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of microperimetric biofeedback training on different visual functions and self-reported quality of vision in subjects with age-related macular degeneration. This case-control study included six subjects (72.0 ± 6.1 years of age) diagnosed with age-related macular degeneration (wet or dry) with low vision (best corrected visual acuity ranging from 0.5 to 0.1 in the study eye) and five healthy volunteers (64.2 ± 3.7 years of age). Ophthalmological and functional examinations were obtained from all subjects twice with an approximately 3-month interval. Subjects with central vision loss performed 12 sessions (10 min each) of biofeedback training between the two examinations. Functional evaluation included: microperimetry, spatial luminance contrast sensitivities, color vision thresholds, visual acuity, and reading speed. Visual performance during daily activities was also assessed using a standardized questionnaire. The ratio (2nd/1st examination) of the spatial luminance contrast sensitivity at lower spatial frequencies were much higher for the training subjects compared with the controls. In addition, self-reported quality of vision improved after the training. The significant improvement of the visual function such as spatial luminance contrast sensitivity may explain the better self-reported quality of vision. Possible structural and physiological mechanisms underlying this neuromodulation are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-70
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Psychophysiology Biofeedback
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 2019

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Keywords

  • Biofeedback training
  • Low vision
  • Macular degeneration
  • Psychophysiology
  • Visual system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

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