Alacsony dózisú CT-vel történo tüdorákszurés magyarországi bevezetésé nek elso tapasztalatai

Translated title of the contribution: Preliminary experiences with low-dose computed tomography for lung cancer screening in Hungary

Mariann Moizs, Gábor Bajzik, Zsuzsanna Lelovics, Marianna Rakvács, J. Strausz, I. Repa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Lung cancer has the highest mortality rate of all types of cancers both in developed countries and Hungary. Aim: To obtain experience and facilitate the application of low-dose computed tomography-based lung cancer screening as a targeted public health screening procedure. Method: Volunteers without thoracic complaints above the age of 40 years (n = 963) were screened for lung cancer using digital chest radiography and low-dose computed tomography. Results: Two lung cancers were found among the participants screened with digital chest radiography (0.2%). After informed consent, 173 individuals with normal chest radiography findings (n = 943) took the opportunity to voluntarily participate in low-dose computed tomography screening for lung cancer. After 3 or 12 months, 65 individuals had follow up control examinations based on the size and characteristics of the detected lesions. Among them, one participant was found to have lung cancer using low-dose computed tomography. Conclusions: These results indicate that low-dose computed tomography-based lung cancer screening as a public health screening procedure can enhance the success of screening with 50% (from 0.2% to 0.3%). The cost-benefit ratio can be raised if chest radiography is performed prior to the low-dose computed tomography examination.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)383-388
Number of pages6
JournalOrvosi Hetilap
Volume155
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2014

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Hungary
Early Detection of Cancer
Lung Neoplasms
Tomography
Thorax
Radiographic Image Enhancement
Radiography
Public Health
Informed Consent
Developed Countries
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Volunteers
Mortality
Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Alacsony dózisú CT-vel történo tüdorákszurés magyarországi bevezetésé nek elso tapasztalatai. / Moizs, Mariann; Bajzik, Gábor; Lelovics, Zsuzsanna; Rakvács, Marianna; Strausz, J.; Repa, I.

In: Orvosi Hetilap, Vol. 155, No. 10, 01.03.2014, p. 383-388.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moizs, Mariann ; Bajzik, Gábor ; Lelovics, Zsuzsanna ; Rakvács, Marianna ; Strausz, J. ; Repa, I. / Alacsony dózisú CT-vel történo tüdorákszurés magyarországi bevezetésé nek elso tapasztalatai. In: Orvosi Hetilap. 2014 ; Vol. 155, No. 10. pp. 383-388.
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abstract = "Introduction: Lung cancer has the highest mortality rate of all types of cancers both in developed countries and Hungary. Aim: To obtain experience and facilitate the application of low-dose computed tomography-based lung cancer screening as a targeted public health screening procedure. Method: Volunteers without thoracic complaints above the age of 40 years (n = 963) were screened for lung cancer using digital chest radiography and low-dose computed tomography. Results: Two lung cancers were found among the participants screened with digital chest radiography (0.2{\%}). After informed consent, 173 individuals with normal chest radiography findings (n = 943) took the opportunity to voluntarily participate in low-dose computed tomography screening for lung cancer. After 3 or 12 months, 65 individuals had follow up control examinations based on the size and characteristics of the detected lesions. Among them, one participant was found to have lung cancer using low-dose computed tomography. Conclusions: These results indicate that low-dose computed tomography-based lung cancer screening as a public health screening procedure can enhance the success of screening with 50{\%} (from 0.2{\%} to 0.3{\%}). The cost-benefit ratio can be raised if chest radiography is performed prior to the low-dose computed tomography examination.",
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