Preliminary analysis of an adjective-based dog personality questionnaire developed to measure some aspects of personality in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris)

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper we present a novel adjective-based dog personality questionnaire, which was successfully implemented to characterise the behaviour of individual dogs. The scales obtained by Principal Component Analysis (Stranger-directed Sociability, Activity, Aggressiveness and Trainability) correspond well with the results of other studies published earlier. The obtained personality scales were also used to compare breed-groups registered in Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and a distinct group of mongrels was also included in the total sample (N = 352 dogs). Results suggest that in the case of pet dogs there are only slight detectable differences in personality dimensions between breed-groups and breeds. Furthermore, the present investigation also includes the comparison of two breeds, the Hungarian Vizsla and the German Shepherd Dog. After matching for demographic differences, we could not reveal differences in personality traits between the two breeds kept as pets. These observations caution against making hasty claims about the presence or absence of breed differences because environmental factors can mask, or even enhance potentially existing genetically potentiated breed differences.

Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Animal Behaviour Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2012

Fingerprint

Personality
questionnaires
Dogs
breeds
dogs
Pets
breed differences
pets
Masks
Principal Component Analysis
German Shepherd
Demography
aggression
principal component analysis
demographic statistics
Surveys and Questionnaires
environmental factors
sampling

Keywords

  • Breed
  • Breed-group
  • Demography
  • Dog
  • Personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

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title = "Preliminary analysis of an adjective-based dog personality questionnaire developed to measure some aspects of personality in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris)",
abstract = "In this paper we present a novel adjective-based dog personality questionnaire, which was successfully implemented to characterise the behaviour of individual dogs. The scales obtained by Principal Component Analysis (Stranger-directed Sociability, Activity, Aggressiveness and Trainability) correspond well with the results of other studies published earlier. The obtained personality scales were also used to compare breed-groups registered in F{\'e}d{\'e}ration Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and a distinct group of mongrels was also included in the total sample (N = 352 dogs). Results suggest that in the case of pet dogs there are only slight detectable differences in personality dimensions between breed-groups and breeds. Furthermore, the present investigation also includes the comparison of two breeds, the Hungarian Vizsla and the German Shepherd Dog. After matching for demographic differences, we could not reveal differences in personality traits between the two breeds kept as pets. These observations caution against making hasty claims about the presence or absence of breed differences because environmental factors can mask, or even enhance potentially existing genetically potentiated breed differences.",
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author = "Erika Mirk{\'o} and E. Kubinyi and M. G{\'a}csi and A. Mikl{\'o}si",
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language = "English",
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AU - Mirkó, Erika

AU - Kubinyi, E.

AU - Gácsi, M.

AU - Miklósi, A.

PY - 2012

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N2 - In this paper we present a novel adjective-based dog personality questionnaire, which was successfully implemented to characterise the behaviour of individual dogs. The scales obtained by Principal Component Analysis (Stranger-directed Sociability, Activity, Aggressiveness and Trainability) correspond well with the results of other studies published earlier. The obtained personality scales were also used to compare breed-groups registered in Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and a distinct group of mongrels was also included in the total sample (N = 352 dogs). Results suggest that in the case of pet dogs there are only slight detectable differences in personality dimensions between breed-groups and breeds. Furthermore, the present investigation also includes the comparison of two breeds, the Hungarian Vizsla and the German Shepherd Dog. After matching for demographic differences, we could not reveal differences in personality traits between the two breeds kept as pets. These observations caution against making hasty claims about the presence or absence of breed differences because environmental factors can mask, or even enhance potentially existing genetically potentiated breed differences.

AB - In this paper we present a novel adjective-based dog personality questionnaire, which was successfully implemented to characterise the behaviour of individual dogs. The scales obtained by Principal Component Analysis (Stranger-directed Sociability, Activity, Aggressiveness and Trainability) correspond well with the results of other studies published earlier. The obtained personality scales were also used to compare breed-groups registered in Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and a distinct group of mongrels was also included in the total sample (N = 352 dogs). Results suggest that in the case of pet dogs there are only slight detectable differences in personality dimensions between breed-groups and breeds. Furthermore, the present investigation also includes the comparison of two breeds, the Hungarian Vizsla and the German Shepherd Dog. After matching for demographic differences, we could not reveal differences in personality traits between the two breeds kept as pets. These observations caution against making hasty claims about the presence or absence of breed differences because environmental factors can mask, or even enhance potentially existing genetically potentiated breed differences.

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