Preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide in the presence of hydrogen (PROX) over ceria-zirconia and alumina-supported Pt catalysts

Attila Wootsch, Claude Descorme, Daniel Duprez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

171 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One crucial requirement for the operation of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) is to feed carbon monoxide free hydrogen to the anode. This need can be achieved by using catalysts able to selectively oxidize CO in the presence of excess hydrogen. Herein we report the preferential CO oxidation (PROX) in the presence of hydrogen over Pt/CexZrx-1O 2 (x=0, 0.15, 0.5, 0.68, 1) catalysts. A comparison with results observed on a Pt/Al2O3 catalyst is also presented. We examined the effect of temperature (90-300°C) and O2 excess (λ=0.8-2). Ceria-supported platinum catalysts were more active than Pt/Al2O3 in both CO and H2 oxidation. The result was a sharp "light off" around 90°C for the oxygen conversion. The maxima, which appeared in the CO conversion and in the selectivity toward CO oxidation as a function of temperature on Pt/Al 2O3, did not show up in the case of ceria-supported samples. Chloride ion-containing Pt/CeO2 catalysts showed lower performances in the PROX reaction, especially at low temperatures. Four types of reaction mechanisms were suggested for Pt/CexZrx-1O 2 samples: (i) competitive Langmuir-Hinshelwood CO and hydrogen oxidation on Pt particles, (ii) noncompetitive Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism on the metal/oxide interface, (iii) hydrogen oxidation on the support, and (iv) water-gas-shift reaction at high temperatures. The second reaction route predominated at low temperatures (90-130°C) and was found preferential to CO oxidation rather than hydrogen-oxygen reaction. This process was selectively blocked by Cl ions. The possible application of Pt/CeO2 and Pt/Al2O3 catalysts was discussed. Ceria appeared as a suitable support for the preferential CO oxidation catalysts at low temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-266
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume225
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 25 2004

Keywords

  • Ceria
  • Ceria-zirconia
  • Fuel cell
  • Hydrogen purification
  • Oxygen mobility
  • PROX
  • Platinum
  • Preferential CO oxidation
  • Pt/CeO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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