Predicting single phase CrMoWX high entropy alloys from empirical relations in combination with first-principles calculations

Fuyang Tian, L. Varga, Levente Vitos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We use the Hume-Rothery rules and ab initio mixing enthalpies to design novel high entropy alloys composed of late 3d metal (Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu) and CrMoW. Results predict that CrMoW, CrMoWMn, CrMoWCo and CrMoWNi adopt single body-centered cubic (bcc) crystal structure. The ab initio calculations of elastic moduli and ideal strengths indicate that the bcc phase is more stable thermodynamically than the face-centered cubic (fcc) crystal structure for CrMoW, CrMoWMn, CrMoWNi HEAs, but the late 3d elements decreases the mechanical stability of the bcc phase. In particular Ni addition increases the intrinsic ductility and decreases the intrinsic strength of CrMoW alloy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-16
Number of pages8
JournalIntermetallics
Volume83
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2017

Keywords

  • Ab initio
  • Coherent potential approximation
  • Elastic moduli
  • High-entropy alloys
  • Hume-Rothery rule
  • Ideal strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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