Prädiktion des Suizidrisikos bei bipolar und unipolar depressiven Patienten: Wechselwirkung von Temperament und Persönlichkeit

Translated title of the contribution: Predicting risk of suicide in bipolar and unipolar depression: Correlation between temperament and personality

M. Pompili, M. Innamorati, G. Giupponi, R. Pycha, Z. Rihmer, A. D. Casale, G. Manfredi, A. Celentano, P. Fiori Nastro, S. Ferracuti, P. Girardi, R. Tatarelli, H. S. Akiskal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the roles of personality and affective temperament traits in the prediction of suicide risk in mood disorders. Methods: The participants were 147 psychiatric inpatients with bipolar disorders I and II and major depressive disorder. Patients undertook the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego self-rating questionnaire, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2), and the Beck Hopelessness Scale. Results: Sixty-four subjects were diagnosed with increased suicidal risk based on the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Logistic regression analysis resulted in two models predictive of MINI-based suicidal risk: irritable temperament and the MMPI-2 scale. Multiple regression analysis further indicated that higher hyperthymic values are protective against hopelessness, while MINI-based suicidal intent is a predictor of hopelessness. Conclusions: Personality and affective temperament traits may have a role in the prediction of suicide.

Translated title of the contributionPredicting risk of suicide in bipolar and unipolar depression: Correlation between temperament and personality
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)315-323
Number of pages9
JournalNervenarzt
Volume80
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2009

Keywords

  • Mood disorders
  • Personality traits
  • Suicide
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Pompili, M., Innamorati, M., Giupponi, G., Pycha, R., Rihmer, Z., Casale, A. D., Manfredi, G., Celentano, A., Fiori Nastro, P., Ferracuti, S., Girardi, P., Tatarelli, R., & Akiskal, H. S. (2009). Prädiktion des Suizidrisikos bei bipolar und unipolar depressiven Patienten: Wechselwirkung von Temperament und Persönlichkeit. Nervenarzt, 80(3), 315-323. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00115-008-2611-2