Power dissipation in spintronic devices out of thermodynamic equilibrium

Dmitri E. Nikonov, George I. Bourianoff, Paolo A. Gargini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)


Quantum limits of power dissipation in spintronic computing are estimated. A computing element composed of a single electron in a quantum dot is considered. Dynamics of its spin due to external magnetic field and interaction with adjacent dots are described via the Bloch equations. Spin relaxation due to magnetic noise from various sources is described as coupling to a reservoir. Resulting dissipation of energy is calculated and is shown to be much less than the thermal limit, ∼kT per bit, if the rate of spin relaxation is much slower than the switching rate. Clues on how to engineer an energy efficient spintronic device are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-513
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2006



  • Computation theory
  • Heat dissipation
  • Magnetic noise
  • Quantum theory
  • Relaxation processes
  • Spintronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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