Potentiation of paclitaxel-induced apoptosis by galectin-13 overexpression via activation of Ask-1-p38-MAP kinase and JNK/SAPK pathways and suppression of Akt and ERK1/2 activation in U-937 human macrophage cells

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Abstract

Galectin-13 transcripts have been identified in several normal and malignant tissues, but the physiological function of galectin-13 is still poorly understood. Here, we present evidence for its possible role in promoting cell death in the U-937 human macrophage cell line. Transfection of U-937 human macrophages by a galectin-13 cDNA-containing mammalian expression vector increased the galectin-13 level and sensitized the cells to stress stimuli. Galectin-13 overexpression facilitated paclitaxel-induced cell death and nuclear translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) and endonuclease-G without inducing mitochondrial cytochrome-c release or caspase-3 activation. Immunoblot and immunofluorescence data showed that overexpression of galectin-13 induced long-term activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, as well as activation of apoptosis signal-regulating kinase-1 (Ask-1) kinase while it suppressed paclitaxel-induced long-term activation of the phosphatidilylositol-3-kinase (PI-3K)-Akt and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) cytoprotective pathways. In addition, pharmacological inhibition of JNK and p38-MAPK pathways protected the cells from paclitaxel-induced cell death. All this data indicate that galectin-13 overexpression promoted apoptosis presumably by activating the Ask-1 kinase-JNK and p38-MAPK pro-apoptotic pathways and by suppressing the PI-3K-Akt and ERK1/2 cytoprotective pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)753-763
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Cell Biology
Volume88
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

Fingerprint

MAP Kinase Kinase Kinase 5
Galectins
JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Paclitaxel
Macrophages
Apoptosis
Phosphotransferases
Cell Death
MAP Kinase Signaling System
Apoptosis Inducing Factor
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
Cytochromes c
Caspase 3
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Transfection
Complementary DNA
Pharmacology
Cell Line

Keywords

  • AIF
  • Akt
  • Apoptosis
  • Ask-1
  • Cytoprotection
  • ERK
  • Galectin-13
  • JNK
  • MAPK
  • Taxol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Histology
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

@article{372da59f3aee450daa43d223cc1d339f,
title = "Potentiation of paclitaxel-induced apoptosis by galectin-13 overexpression via activation of Ask-1-p38-MAP kinase and JNK/SAPK pathways and suppression of Akt and ERK1/2 activation in U-937 human macrophage cells",
abstract = "Galectin-13 transcripts have been identified in several normal and malignant tissues, but the physiological function of galectin-13 is still poorly understood. Here, we present evidence for its possible role in promoting cell death in the U-937 human macrophage cell line. Transfection of U-937 human macrophages by a galectin-13 cDNA-containing mammalian expression vector increased the galectin-13 level and sensitized the cells to stress stimuli. Galectin-13 overexpression facilitated paclitaxel-induced cell death and nuclear translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) and endonuclease-G without inducing mitochondrial cytochrome-c release or caspase-3 activation. Immunoblot and immunofluorescence data showed that overexpression of galectin-13 induced long-term activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, as well as activation of apoptosis signal-regulating kinase-1 (Ask-1) kinase while it suppressed paclitaxel-induced long-term activation of the phosphatidilylositol-3-kinase (PI-3K)-Akt and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) cytoprotective pathways. In addition, pharmacological inhibition of JNK and p38-MAPK pathways protected the cells from paclitaxel-induced cell death. All this data indicate that galectin-13 overexpression promoted apoptosis presumably by activating the Ask-1 kinase-JNK and p38-MAPK pro-apoptotic pathways and by suppressing the PI-3K-Akt and ERK1/2 cytoprotective pathways.",
keywords = "AIF, Akt, Apoptosis, Ask-1, Cytoprotection, ERK, Galectin-13, JNK, MAPK, Taxol",
author = "A. Boronkai and S. Bellyei and A. Szigeti and Eva Pozsgai and Z. Bogn{\'a}r and B. S{\"u}megi and F. Gallyas",
year = "2009",
month = "12",
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language = "English",
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T1 - Potentiation of paclitaxel-induced apoptosis by galectin-13 overexpression via activation of Ask-1-p38-MAP kinase and JNK/SAPK pathways and suppression of Akt and ERK1/2 activation in U-937 human macrophage cells

AU - Boronkai, A.

AU - Bellyei, S.

AU - Szigeti, A.

AU - Pozsgai, Eva

AU - Bognár, Z.

AU - Sümegi, B.

AU - Gallyas, F.

PY - 2009/12

Y1 - 2009/12

N2 - Galectin-13 transcripts have been identified in several normal and malignant tissues, but the physiological function of galectin-13 is still poorly understood. Here, we present evidence for its possible role in promoting cell death in the U-937 human macrophage cell line. Transfection of U-937 human macrophages by a galectin-13 cDNA-containing mammalian expression vector increased the galectin-13 level and sensitized the cells to stress stimuli. Galectin-13 overexpression facilitated paclitaxel-induced cell death and nuclear translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) and endonuclease-G without inducing mitochondrial cytochrome-c release or caspase-3 activation. Immunoblot and immunofluorescence data showed that overexpression of galectin-13 induced long-term activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, as well as activation of apoptosis signal-regulating kinase-1 (Ask-1) kinase while it suppressed paclitaxel-induced long-term activation of the phosphatidilylositol-3-kinase (PI-3K)-Akt and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) cytoprotective pathways. In addition, pharmacological inhibition of JNK and p38-MAPK pathways protected the cells from paclitaxel-induced cell death. All this data indicate that galectin-13 overexpression promoted apoptosis presumably by activating the Ask-1 kinase-JNK and p38-MAPK pro-apoptotic pathways and by suppressing the PI-3K-Akt and ERK1/2 cytoprotective pathways.

AB - Galectin-13 transcripts have been identified in several normal and malignant tissues, but the physiological function of galectin-13 is still poorly understood. Here, we present evidence for its possible role in promoting cell death in the U-937 human macrophage cell line. Transfection of U-937 human macrophages by a galectin-13 cDNA-containing mammalian expression vector increased the galectin-13 level and sensitized the cells to stress stimuli. Galectin-13 overexpression facilitated paclitaxel-induced cell death and nuclear translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) and endonuclease-G without inducing mitochondrial cytochrome-c release or caspase-3 activation. Immunoblot and immunofluorescence data showed that overexpression of galectin-13 induced long-term activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, as well as activation of apoptosis signal-regulating kinase-1 (Ask-1) kinase while it suppressed paclitaxel-induced long-term activation of the phosphatidilylositol-3-kinase (PI-3K)-Akt and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) cytoprotective pathways. In addition, pharmacological inhibition of JNK and p38-MAPK pathways protected the cells from paclitaxel-induced cell death. All this data indicate that galectin-13 overexpression promoted apoptosis presumably by activating the Ask-1 kinase-JNK and p38-MAPK pro-apoptotic pathways and by suppressing the PI-3K-Akt and ERK1/2 cytoprotective pathways.

KW - AIF

KW - Akt

KW - Apoptosis

KW - Ask-1

KW - Cytoprotection

KW - ERK

KW - Galectin-13

KW - JNK

KW - MAPK

KW - Taxol

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U2 - 10.1016/j.ejcb.2009.07.005

DO - 10.1016/j.ejcb.2009.07.005

M3 - Article

VL - 88

SP - 753

EP - 763

JO - European Journal of Cell Biology (Supplement)

JF - European Journal of Cell Biology (Supplement)

SN - 0171-9335

IS - 12

ER -