Potential Reproducibility of Potassium-Selective Electrodes Having Perfluorinated Alkanoate Side Chain Functionalized Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxytiophene) as a Hydrophobic Solid Contact

Soma Papp, Márton Bojtár, R. Gyurcsányi, Tom Lindfors

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The irreproducibility of the standard potential (E°) is probably the last major challenge for the commercialization of solid-contact ion-selective electrodes (SCISEs) as single-use or wearable sensors. To overcome this issue, we are introducing for the first time a perfluorinated alkanoate side chain functionalized poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOTF) as a hydrophobic SC in potassium-selective electrodes (K-SCISEs) based on plasticized poly(vinyl chloride). The SC incorporates the tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate (TFAB-) anion, which is also present as a lipophilic additive in the ion-selective membrane (ISM), thus ensuring thermodynamic reversibility at the SC/ISM interface and improving the potential reproducibility of the electrodes. We show here that the PEDOTF-TFAB solid contact, which was prepolarized prior to the ISM deposition to either its half or fully conducting form (i.e. different oxidation states) in acetonitrile containing 0.01 M KTFAB, had a very stable open-circuit potential and an outstanding potential reproducibility of only ±0.5 mV (n = 6) for 1 h in the same solution after the prepolarization. This shows that the oxidation state of the highly hydrophobic PEDOTF-TFAB film (water contact angle 133°) is stable over time and can be precisely controlled with prepolarization. The SC was also not light sensitive, which is normally a disadvantage of conducting polymer SCs. After the ISM deposition, the standard deviation of the E° of the K-SCISEs prepared on glassy carbon was ±3.0 mV (n = 5), which is the same as that for conventional liquid contact K-ISEs. This indicates that the ISM deposition is the main source for the potential irreproducibility of the K-SCISEs, which has been overlooked previously.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Ion selective membranes
Potassium
Electrodes
Vinyl Chloride
Oxidation
Glassy carbon
Conducting polymers
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
Contact angle
Anions
Thermodynamics
Ion-Selective Electrodes
Water
Networks (circuits)
Liquids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Potential Reproducibility of Potassium-Selective Electrodes Having Perfluorinated Alkanoate Side Chain Functionalized Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxytiophene) as a Hydrophobic Solid Contact",
abstract = "The irreproducibility of the standard potential (E°) is probably the last major challenge for the commercialization of solid-contact ion-selective electrodes (SCISEs) as single-use or wearable sensors. To overcome this issue, we are introducing for the first time a perfluorinated alkanoate side chain functionalized poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOTF) as a hydrophobic SC in potassium-selective electrodes (K-SCISEs) based on plasticized poly(vinyl chloride). The SC incorporates the tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate (TFAB-) anion, which is also present as a lipophilic additive in the ion-selective membrane (ISM), thus ensuring thermodynamic reversibility at the SC/ISM interface and improving the potential reproducibility of the electrodes. We show here that the PEDOTF-TFAB solid contact, which was prepolarized prior to the ISM deposition to either its half or fully conducting form (i.e. different oxidation states) in acetonitrile containing 0.01 M KTFAB, had a very stable open-circuit potential and an outstanding potential reproducibility of only ±0.5 mV (n = 6) for 1 h in the same solution after the prepolarization. This shows that the oxidation state of the highly hydrophobic PEDOTF-TFAB film (water contact angle 133°) is stable over time and can be precisely controlled with prepolarization. The SC was also not light sensitive, which is normally a disadvantage of conducting polymer SCs. After the ISM deposition, the standard deviation of the E° of the K-SCISEs prepared on glassy carbon was ±3.0 mV (n = 5), which is the same as that for conventional liquid contact K-ISEs. This indicates that the ISM deposition is the main source for the potential irreproducibility of the K-SCISEs, which has been overlooked previously.",
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AU - Papp, Soma

AU - Bojtár, Márton

AU - Gyurcsányi, R.

AU - Lindfors, Tom

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N2 - The irreproducibility of the standard potential (E°) is probably the last major challenge for the commercialization of solid-contact ion-selective electrodes (SCISEs) as single-use or wearable sensors. To overcome this issue, we are introducing for the first time a perfluorinated alkanoate side chain functionalized poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOTF) as a hydrophobic SC in potassium-selective electrodes (K-SCISEs) based on plasticized poly(vinyl chloride). The SC incorporates the tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate (TFAB-) anion, which is also present as a lipophilic additive in the ion-selective membrane (ISM), thus ensuring thermodynamic reversibility at the SC/ISM interface and improving the potential reproducibility of the electrodes. We show here that the PEDOTF-TFAB solid contact, which was prepolarized prior to the ISM deposition to either its half or fully conducting form (i.e. different oxidation states) in acetonitrile containing 0.01 M KTFAB, had a very stable open-circuit potential and an outstanding potential reproducibility of only ±0.5 mV (n = 6) for 1 h in the same solution after the prepolarization. This shows that the oxidation state of the highly hydrophobic PEDOTF-TFAB film (water contact angle 133°) is stable over time and can be precisely controlled with prepolarization. The SC was also not light sensitive, which is normally a disadvantage of conducting polymer SCs. After the ISM deposition, the standard deviation of the E° of the K-SCISEs prepared on glassy carbon was ±3.0 mV (n = 5), which is the same as that for conventional liquid contact K-ISEs. This indicates that the ISM deposition is the main source for the potential irreproducibility of the K-SCISEs, which has been overlooked previously.

AB - The irreproducibility of the standard potential (E°) is probably the last major challenge for the commercialization of solid-contact ion-selective electrodes (SCISEs) as single-use or wearable sensors. To overcome this issue, we are introducing for the first time a perfluorinated alkanoate side chain functionalized poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOTF) as a hydrophobic SC in potassium-selective electrodes (K-SCISEs) based on plasticized poly(vinyl chloride). The SC incorporates the tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate (TFAB-) anion, which is also present as a lipophilic additive in the ion-selective membrane (ISM), thus ensuring thermodynamic reversibility at the SC/ISM interface and improving the potential reproducibility of the electrodes. We show here that the PEDOTF-TFAB solid contact, which was prepolarized prior to the ISM deposition to either its half or fully conducting form (i.e. different oxidation states) in acetonitrile containing 0.01 M KTFAB, had a very stable open-circuit potential and an outstanding potential reproducibility of only ±0.5 mV (n = 6) for 1 h in the same solution after the prepolarization. This shows that the oxidation state of the highly hydrophobic PEDOTF-TFAB film (water contact angle 133°) is stable over time and can be precisely controlled with prepolarization. The SC was also not light sensitive, which is normally a disadvantage of conducting polymer SCs. After the ISM deposition, the standard deviation of the E° of the K-SCISEs prepared on glassy carbon was ±3.0 mV (n = 5), which is the same as that for conventional liquid contact K-ISEs. This indicates that the ISM deposition is the main source for the potential irreproducibility of the K-SCISEs, which has been overlooked previously.

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