Potential markers (enzymes, proteoglycans) for human liver tumors.

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Abstract

In the present work the activities of GGT and G-6-Pase and the content of Cyt P-450 were determined in surgically removed liver specimens (16 hepatocellular carcinomas, 8 focal nodular hyperplasias and 4 adenomas). The activities were compared to the surrounding seemingly normal liver tissue. In the adenomas neither of the enzymes studied showed alterations, characteristic for hepatocarcinogenesis. Four out of 8 FNHs had the enzyme pattern that was found in experimental liver carcinogenesis. Liver carcinoma specimens proved to be heterogenous. Neither elevated GGT nor reduced G-6-Pase activity was consistent in these samples although the average of G-6-Pase activity decreased to 50 percent. Cytochrome P-450 was significantly reduced in the majority of cases, showing the best agreement with the tendency observed in experimental models. As an other approach, the qualitative and quantitative alterations of proteoglycans (PG) were analized in the same tumor samples. The amount of sugar components of PGs the glycosaminoglycans (GAG) increased by many times in liver tumors. Carcinoma samples were characterized by about twentyfold increase in chondroitin sulfate content, compared to normal liver. The enhancement of GAGs is partly the consequence of a selective alteration in PG expression. The amount of perlecan and decorin was found to be increased, while syndecan disappeared from liver carcinomas. These data suggest that malignant transformation in liver is accompanied by specific alteration in the content, composition and structure of PGs. Presumably, these changes have significance in tumor progression and have also the potential to be used as markers for liver tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-163
Number of pages7
JournalActa bio-medica de L'Ateneo parmense : organo della Società di medicina e scienze naturali di Parma
Volume64
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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