Potassium-dependent oriented growth of amyloid β25-35 fibrils on mica

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34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Amyloid fibrils are important components of tissue deposits in neurodegenerative and protein misfolding diseases. Because modified amyloid peptide subunits can be generated by synthetic methods and the nanometer-scale fibrils are stable under diverse conditions, amyloid fibrils have been suggested for use in nanotechnology applications. However, well-controlled and oriented growth of amyloid fibrils has not yet been accomplished. Here we show that amyloid β 25-35 (Aβ 25-35), a toxic fragment of Alzheimer's beta peptide, forms trigonally oriented fibrils on mica. Oriented binding depends on an apparently cooperative interaction of a positively charged moiety on the Aβ 25-35 peptide with the K+-binding pocket of the mica lattice. Time-lapse in situ AFM revealed that the formation of oriented fibrils is the result of epitaxial polymerization rather than binding of already assembled fibrils from solution. By varying the K+ concentration the growth rate and the mesh size of the oriented amyloid fibril network may be tuned. The K+-controlled oriented assembly of Aβ 25-35 fibrils could be utilized in nanotechnology applications such as formation of oriented tracks for molecular devices and generation of nanoelectronic circuits.

Original languageEnglish
Article number345102
JournalNanotechnology
Volume18
Issue number34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 29 2007

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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