Postprandial gastrointestinal hormone production is different, depending on the type of reconstruction following total gastrectomy

Katalin Kalmár, József Németh, Ágoston Kelemen, Örs Péter Horváth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The present study examines the differences in gastrointestinal hormone production at 3 different reconstruction types after total gastrectomy. Background Data: Total gastrectomy causes significant weight loss, mainly due to a reduced caloric intake probably because of a lack of initiative to eat or early satiety during meals. Behind this phenomenon a disturbed gastrointestinal hormone production can be presumed. Methods: Patients participating in a randomized study were recruited for the clinical experiment. Seven patients with simple Roux-en-Y reconstruction, 11 with aboral pouch (AP) construction, and 10 with aboral pouch with preserved duodenal passage (APwPDP) reconstruction, as well as 6 healthy volunteers were examined. Blood samples were taken 5 minutes before and 15, 30, and 60 minutes after ingestion of a liquid test meal. Plasma concentrations for insulin, cholecystokinin, and somatostatin were determined by radioimmunoassay analysis. Results: Postprandial hyperglycemia was observed in patients after total gastrectomy most prominently in groups with duodenal exclusion (Roux-en-Y and AP) compared with healthy controls. Postprandial insulin curves reached significantly higher levels in all operated groups compared with controls, however, with no difference according to reconstruction type. Significantly higher cholecystokinin levels and higher integrated production of cholecystokinin were observed in Roux-en-Y and AP groups compared with APwPDP and control. Postprandial somatostatin levels were significantly different between the 4 groups, and highest levels and integrated secretions were reached in AP group, lowest in APwPDP and normal groups. Conclusion: A disturbed glucose homeostasis was observed in gastrectomized patients most prominently in the Roux-en-Y group. Also, cholecystokinin and somatostatin response differed significantly in favor of duodenal passage preservation after total gastrectomy. Cholecystokinin levels close to physiologic found at APwPDP reconstruction may contribute to a physiologic satiation in reconstructions with preserved duodenal passage after total gastrectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-471
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume243
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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