INTRODUCTION: Nausea and vomiting following general anaesthesia are among the most frequent adverse reactions causing complications, the relief of which is an absolute demand. 5-HT3 receptor antagonists, such as ondansetron, belonging to the latest class of antiemetics were launched more than a decade ago. PATIENTS/METHODS: Efficacy and tolerability of ondansetron injection in prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting were investigated in a prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled, three-armed clinical study in 148 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Moreover the authors also investigated the effect of timing of dosing, i.e. whether the administration of antiemetic drug before starting anaesthesia has any advantage comparing its use at the end of operation. RESULTS: While using a standard surgical and anaesthesia method vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy occurred in a frequency of 44.7% of the patients in the placebo group, whereas the figures decreased significantly after administration of 4 mg ondansetron at the end (28.9%) or before (25.5%) anaesthesia. Inclusively the frequency of severe cases decreased from 19.2% of control group up to 8.9% and 4.3% in the active groups, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Intravenous administration of 4 mg ondansetron effectively reduces vomiting occurring in more than 40% of patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, especially the frequency of severe cases, and mainly if administered before operation. The preparation is safe; no clinical or laboratory adverse reactions, complications have been observed in the studied patients.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 21 2002|
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