Possible detection of singly ionized oxygen in the Type Ia SN 2010kg

B. Barna, J. Vinkó, J. M. Silverman, G. H. Marion, J. C. Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present direct spectroscopic modelling of 11 high signal-to-noise ratio observed spectra of the Type Ia supernova (SN) 2010kg, taken between-10 and+5 d with respect to B-maximum. The synthetic spectra, calculated with the SYN++ code, span the range between 4100 and 8500 Å. Our results are in good agreement with previous findings for other Type Ia SNe. Most of the spectral features are formed at or close to the photosphere, but some ions, like Fe II and MgII, also form features at ~2000-5000 km s-1 above the photosphere. The well-known high-velocity features of the Ca II IR-triplet as well as Si II λ6355 are also detected. The single absorption feature at ~4400 Å, which usually has been identified as due to Si III, is poorly fit with Si III in SN 2010kg. We find that the fit can be improved by assuming that this feature is due to either CIII or OII, located in the outermost part of the ejecta, ~4000-5000 km s-1 above the photosphere. Since the presence of CIII is unlikely, because of the lack of the necessary excitation/ionization conditions in the outer ejecta, we identify this feature as due to OII. The simultaneous presence of OI and OII is in good agreement with the optical depth calculations and the temperature distribution in the ejecta of SN 2010kg. This could be the first identification of singly ionized oxygen in a Type Ia SN atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberstw127
Pages (from-to)3225-3240
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume457
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 11 2016

Fingerprint

ejecta
supernovae
photosphere
oxygen
signal-to-noise ratio
optical depth
ionization
optical thickness
temperature distribution
signal to noise ratios
ion
atmosphere
atmospheres
modeling
detection
temperature
excitation
ions

Keywords

  • Line: identification
  • Line: profiles
  • Stars: abundances
  • Supernovae: individual: SN 2010kg

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Possible detection of singly ionized oxygen in the Type Ia SN 2010kg. / Barna, B.; Vinkó, J.; Silverman, J. M.; Marion, G. H.; Wheeler, J. C.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 457, No. 3, stw127, 11.04.2016, p. 3225-3240.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barna, B. ; Vinkó, J. ; Silverman, J. M. ; Marion, G. H. ; Wheeler, J. C. / Possible detection of singly ionized oxygen in the Type Ia SN 2010kg. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2016 ; Vol. 457, No. 3. pp. 3225-3240.
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