Possibilities and limitations of the total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry for the determination of low Z elements in biological samples

Zsófia Polgári, N. Szoboszlai, M. Óvári, G. Záray

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The analytical capability of the laboratory scale vacuum total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF) spectrometer (Wobistrax) was studied for the determination of the Z elements (Na, Mg, P, S, K and Ca) in different biological matrices represented by the following certified reference materials: MURST-ISS-A2 Antarctic krill, IAEA-331 spinach, NIST 1577a bovine liver, and SERONORM™ Trace Elements Serum Level 1.First, the stability of the response factors (relative sensitivity) against Ti internal standard was checked in the concentration range of 1 to 1000 mg/L in a diluted nitric acid matrix. It has been found that the upper limit of the analytical concentration range for K and Ca can be as high as 1000 mg/L; on the other hand, the remaining elements cannot be determined above a concentration of some tens mg/L.The established response factors were used for the elemental analysis of the four certified reference materials after normal-volume microwave assisted acid digestion. In the case of the serum sample, different preparation methods were compared as follow: direct analysis, microwave assisted acid digestion in normal-volume and micro-vessels, as well as the vapor-phase digestion directly on the TXRF carrier plates.On the basis of the results, the normal-volume digestion results in rather high dilution of the samples; thus, elements at low concentration could not be detected in some of the samples. On the other hand, this method offers the highest rate of both organic matrix decomposition and inorganic matrix dilution; thus, the background and the standard deviation of the results were the lowest. In general, this method was found to be useful for the analysis of samples with high dissolved (organic. +. inorganic) content if the analytes are present at a concentration considerable above the quantification limit.In the case of the microscale and the vapor-phase digestion, both the organic and inorganic matters remain at elevated concentration; thus, higher background and self-absorption of the fluorescent radiation occurred, deteriorating the analytical performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-343
Number of pages5
JournalMicrochemical Journal
Volume99
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

Fingerprint

Dilution
Fluorescence
Vapors
Microwaves
Nitric Acid
X rays
Acids
Trace Elements
Liver
Spectrometers
Vacuum
Decomposition
Radiation
Chemical analysis
X-Ray Emission Spectrometry

Keywords

  • Certified reference materials
  • Direct analysis
  • Low Z elements
  • Microwave assisted digestion
  • TXRF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy

Cite this

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title = "Possibilities and limitations of the total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry for the determination of low Z elements in biological samples",
abstract = "The analytical capability of the laboratory scale vacuum total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF) spectrometer (Wobistrax) was studied for the determination of the Z elements (Na, Mg, P, S, K and Ca) in different biological matrices represented by the following certified reference materials: MURST-ISS-A2 Antarctic krill, IAEA-331 spinach, NIST 1577a bovine liver, and SERONORM™ Trace Elements Serum Level 1.First, the stability of the response factors (relative sensitivity) against Ti internal standard was checked in the concentration range of 1 to 1000 mg/L in a diluted nitric acid matrix. It has been found that the upper limit of the analytical concentration range for K and Ca can be as high as 1000 mg/L; on the other hand, the remaining elements cannot be determined above a concentration of some tens mg/L.The established response factors were used for the elemental analysis of the four certified reference materials after normal-volume microwave assisted acid digestion. In the case of the serum sample, different preparation methods were compared as follow: direct analysis, microwave assisted acid digestion in normal-volume and micro-vessels, as well as the vapor-phase digestion directly on the TXRF carrier plates.On the basis of the results, the normal-volume digestion results in rather high dilution of the samples; thus, elements at low concentration could not be detected in some of the samples. On the other hand, this method offers the highest rate of both organic matrix decomposition and inorganic matrix dilution; thus, the background and the standard deviation of the results were the lowest. In general, this method was found to be useful for the analysis of samples with high dissolved (organic. +. inorganic) content if the analytes are present at a concentration considerable above the quantification limit.In the case of the microscale and the vapor-phase digestion, both the organic and inorganic matters remain at elevated concentration; thus, higher background and self-absorption of the fluorescent radiation occurred, deteriorating the analytical performance.",
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T1 - Possibilities and limitations of the total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry for the determination of low Z elements in biological samples

AU - Polgári, Zsófia

AU - Szoboszlai, N.

AU - Óvári, M.

AU - Záray, G.

PY - 2011/11

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N2 - The analytical capability of the laboratory scale vacuum total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF) spectrometer (Wobistrax) was studied for the determination of the Z elements (Na, Mg, P, S, K and Ca) in different biological matrices represented by the following certified reference materials: MURST-ISS-A2 Antarctic krill, IAEA-331 spinach, NIST 1577a bovine liver, and SERONORM™ Trace Elements Serum Level 1.First, the stability of the response factors (relative sensitivity) against Ti internal standard was checked in the concentration range of 1 to 1000 mg/L in a diluted nitric acid matrix. It has been found that the upper limit of the analytical concentration range for K and Ca can be as high as 1000 mg/L; on the other hand, the remaining elements cannot be determined above a concentration of some tens mg/L.The established response factors were used for the elemental analysis of the four certified reference materials after normal-volume microwave assisted acid digestion. In the case of the serum sample, different preparation methods were compared as follow: direct analysis, microwave assisted acid digestion in normal-volume and micro-vessels, as well as the vapor-phase digestion directly on the TXRF carrier plates.On the basis of the results, the normal-volume digestion results in rather high dilution of the samples; thus, elements at low concentration could not be detected in some of the samples. On the other hand, this method offers the highest rate of both organic matrix decomposition and inorganic matrix dilution; thus, the background and the standard deviation of the results were the lowest. In general, this method was found to be useful for the analysis of samples with high dissolved (organic. +. inorganic) content if the analytes are present at a concentration considerable above the quantification limit.In the case of the microscale and the vapor-phase digestion, both the organic and inorganic matters remain at elevated concentration; thus, higher background and self-absorption of the fluorescent radiation occurred, deteriorating the analytical performance.

AB - The analytical capability of the laboratory scale vacuum total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF) spectrometer (Wobistrax) was studied for the determination of the Z elements (Na, Mg, P, S, K and Ca) in different biological matrices represented by the following certified reference materials: MURST-ISS-A2 Antarctic krill, IAEA-331 spinach, NIST 1577a bovine liver, and SERONORM™ Trace Elements Serum Level 1.First, the stability of the response factors (relative sensitivity) against Ti internal standard was checked in the concentration range of 1 to 1000 mg/L in a diluted nitric acid matrix. It has been found that the upper limit of the analytical concentration range for K and Ca can be as high as 1000 mg/L; on the other hand, the remaining elements cannot be determined above a concentration of some tens mg/L.The established response factors were used for the elemental analysis of the four certified reference materials after normal-volume microwave assisted acid digestion. In the case of the serum sample, different preparation methods were compared as follow: direct analysis, microwave assisted acid digestion in normal-volume and micro-vessels, as well as the vapor-phase digestion directly on the TXRF carrier plates.On the basis of the results, the normal-volume digestion results in rather high dilution of the samples; thus, elements at low concentration could not be detected in some of the samples. On the other hand, this method offers the highest rate of both organic matrix decomposition and inorganic matrix dilution; thus, the background and the standard deviation of the results were the lowest. In general, this method was found to be useful for the analysis of samples with high dissolved (organic. +. inorganic) content if the analytes are present at a concentration considerable above the quantification limit.In the case of the microscale and the vapor-phase digestion, both the organic and inorganic matters remain at elevated concentration; thus, higher background and self-absorption of the fluorescent radiation occurred, deteriorating the analytical performance.

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KW - Microwave assisted digestion

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