Positron annihilation was studied in a vinyl ester and four epoxy coatings on steel. Measurements were made on coatings in equilibrium with air at approximately 50% relative humidity and on coatings immersed in liquid water for 24 h. Three spectral components were identified: a short-lived component associated with annihilation largely in the steel substrate; a medium-lived component associated with annihilation in small voids in the coating; and a long-lived component associated with annihilation of o-positronium in the polymer matrix and within large voids in the polymer and at the polymer/metal interface. An excellent correlation was observed between the effect of water exposure on the annihilation spectra and the protective properties of the coating in an aggressive H2SO4 environment. Other correlations between the annihilation spectra and the protective properties were also identified.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics