Polymer micro and nanocomposites: Structure, interactions, properties

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

181 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The characteristics of all heterogeneous polymer systems including composites containing either micro or nanofillers are determined by four factors: component properties, composition, structure and interfacial interactions. The most important filler characteristics are particle size, size distribution, specific surface area and particle shape, while the main matrix property is stiffness. Segregation, aggregation and the orientation of anisotropic particles determine structure. Interfacial interactions lead to the formation of a stiff interphase considerably influencing properties. Interactions are changed by surface modification, which must be always system specific and selected according to its goal. Under the effect of external load inhomogeneous stress distribution develops around heterogeneities, which initiate local micromechanical deformation processes determining the macroscopic properties of the composites. In filled polymers the dominating deformation mechanism is usually debonding. Nanocomposites represent one of the new classes of materials, but further research and development is needed before they gain significant position in the market.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)535-563
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

Fingerprint

Nanocomposites
Polymers
Filled polymers
Debonding
Composite materials
Specific surface area
Surface treatment
Fillers
Stress concentration
Loads (forces)
Agglomeration
Particle size
Stiffness
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Interfacial interactions
  • Layered silicate nanocomposites
  • Models
  • Particulate filled polymers
  • Structure-property correlations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Polymer micro and nanocomposites : Structure, interactions, properties. / Móczó, J.; Pukánszky, B.

In: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol. 14, No. 5, 09.2008, p. 535-563.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{61ca70ca88e74add946a313465ae1228,
title = "Polymer micro and nanocomposites: Structure, interactions, properties",
abstract = "The characteristics of all heterogeneous polymer systems including composites containing either micro or nanofillers are determined by four factors: component properties, composition, structure and interfacial interactions. The most important filler characteristics are particle size, size distribution, specific surface area and particle shape, while the main matrix property is stiffness. Segregation, aggregation and the orientation of anisotropic particles determine structure. Interfacial interactions lead to the formation of a stiff interphase considerably influencing properties. Interactions are changed by surface modification, which must be always system specific and selected according to its goal. Under the effect of external load inhomogeneous stress distribution develops around heterogeneities, which initiate local micromechanical deformation processes determining the macroscopic properties of the composites. In filled polymers the dominating deformation mechanism is usually debonding. Nanocomposites represent one of the new classes of materials, but further research and development is needed before they gain significant position in the market.",
keywords = "Interfacial interactions, Layered silicate nanocomposites, Models, Particulate filled polymers, Structure-property correlations",
author = "J. M{\'o}cz{\'o} and B. Puk{\'a}nszky",
year = "2008",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.jiec.2008.06.011",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "535--563",
journal = "Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry",
issn = "1226-086X",
publisher = "Korean Society of Industrial Engineering Chemistry",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Polymer micro and nanocomposites

T2 - Structure, interactions, properties

AU - Móczó, J.

AU - Pukánszky, B.

PY - 2008/9

Y1 - 2008/9

N2 - The characteristics of all heterogeneous polymer systems including composites containing either micro or nanofillers are determined by four factors: component properties, composition, structure and interfacial interactions. The most important filler characteristics are particle size, size distribution, specific surface area and particle shape, while the main matrix property is stiffness. Segregation, aggregation and the orientation of anisotropic particles determine structure. Interfacial interactions lead to the formation of a stiff interphase considerably influencing properties. Interactions are changed by surface modification, which must be always system specific and selected according to its goal. Under the effect of external load inhomogeneous stress distribution develops around heterogeneities, which initiate local micromechanical deformation processes determining the macroscopic properties of the composites. In filled polymers the dominating deformation mechanism is usually debonding. Nanocomposites represent one of the new classes of materials, but further research and development is needed before they gain significant position in the market.

AB - The characteristics of all heterogeneous polymer systems including composites containing either micro or nanofillers are determined by four factors: component properties, composition, structure and interfacial interactions. The most important filler characteristics are particle size, size distribution, specific surface area and particle shape, while the main matrix property is stiffness. Segregation, aggregation and the orientation of anisotropic particles determine structure. Interfacial interactions lead to the formation of a stiff interphase considerably influencing properties. Interactions are changed by surface modification, which must be always system specific and selected according to its goal. Under the effect of external load inhomogeneous stress distribution develops around heterogeneities, which initiate local micromechanical deformation processes determining the macroscopic properties of the composites. In filled polymers the dominating deformation mechanism is usually debonding. Nanocomposites represent one of the new classes of materials, but further research and development is needed before they gain significant position in the market.

KW - Interfacial interactions

KW - Layered silicate nanocomposites

KW - Models

KW - Particulate filled polymers

KW - Structure-property correlations

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=56549090266&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=56549090266&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jiec.2008.06.011

DO - 10.1016/j.jiec.2008.06.011

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:56549090266

VL - 14

SP - 535

EP - 563

JO - Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry

JF - Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry

SN - 1226-086X

IS - 5

ER -