In this research, a group of segmented polyurethane (PU) copolymers with different hard segment (HS) contents were successfully synthesized. The microstructure of the PU copolymers was characterized via Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), and small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). Then, the PU copolymers were selected as polymer binder for coating an insensitive high explosive 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) to prepare polymer bonded explosives (PBXs). When the HS concentration of PU copolymers increased from 14 to 34 wt %, a 14.6 times increase in the creep rupture time of PBXs under 60 °C/3 MPa and a 52.3% decrease in the steady-state creep strain rate under 60 °C/1 MPa were observed. The experimental results indicated that a wide variety of structure and properties of PU copolymer could be customizable through the adjustment of the HS contents, and consequently, provided an efficient route to tune the creep performance of the PBXs over a wide range.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites