Oxidant stress-induced activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) plays a role in the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases. We have now investigated the role of PARP in the process of cardiac remodeling and heart failure in a mouse model of heart failure induced by transverse aortic constriction (banding). The catalytic activity of PARP was inhibited by the potent isoindolinone-based PARP inhibitor INO-1001 or by PARP-1 genetic deficiency. PARP inhibition prevented the pressure overload-induced decrease in cardiac contractile function, despite the pressure gradient between both carotid arteries being comparable in the two experimental groups. The development of hypertrophy, the formation of collagen in the hearts, and the mitochondrial-to-nuclear translocation of the cell death factor apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) were attenuated by PARP inhibition. The ability of the inhibitor to block the catalytic activity of PARP was confirmed by immunohistochemical detection of poly(ADP-ribose), the product of the enzyme in the heart. Plasma levels of INO-1001, as measured at the end of the experiments, were in the concentration range sufficient to block the oxidant-mediated activation of PARP in murine cardiac myocytes in vitro. Myocardial hypertrophy and AIF translocation was also reduced in PARP-1-deficient mice undergoing aortic banding, compared with their wild-type counterparts. Overall, the current results demonstrate the importance of poly(ADP-ribos)ylation in the pathogenesis of banding-induced heart failure.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine