Pliocene mesophytic forests surrounding crater lakes in western Hungary

Lilla Hably, Zlatko Kvacek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)


Two new palaeobotanical sites, Gerce and Pula from western Hungary, found in volcanic craters are characterized in terms of floristic composition, vegetation, and palaeoclimate. Radiometric dating of adjacent volcanic bodies indicates the age of the fossiliferous deposits near the Lower/Upper Pliocene boundary. Deciduous broad-leaved, woody plants prevail in both localities (Quercus, Ulmus, Zelkova, Acer, Salicaceae) and are associated with some rare exotic elements (Ginkgo, Torreya, Engelhardia, Eucommia, Sassafras) and Buxus. The climatic conditions inferred from the reconstructed vegetation indicate a Cf-type of climate with a mean annual temperature of 10-13°C and some dry periods during the year.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-269
Number of pages13
JournalReview of Palaeobotany and Palynology
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1998


  • Alginite
  • Hungary
  • Leaves
  • Palaeoclimate
  • Palaeoecology
  • Pliocene
  • Pollen
  • Vulcanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Palaeontology

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