In the present study we studied platelet-activating factor (PAF)-, and ATP-induced increases in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) using RAW 264.7 macrophages filled with fura-2/AM and imaged with fluorescence video microscopy. We found that the prevalence of detectable [Ca2+]i responses to PAF application was significantly higher in the presence of dantrolene. Dantrolene itself significantly decreased basal [Ca2+]i of macrophages compared to control cases after a 20-min incubation period. In the dantrolene-treated cells even the peak [Ca2+]i in response to PAF (as an average of all cells) was below the baseline of control suggesting that decreased [Ca2+]i plays a permissive role in the Ca2+ rise induced by PAF in macrophages. In contrast to the effect of PAF, neither the amplitude of response to ATP nor the frequency of responding cells changed significantly during dantrolene treatment in our experiments. These cells were able to respond to a standard immune stimulus as well: lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was able to increase [Ca2+]i. Our data indicate that the effectiveness of PAF to increase [Ca2+]i in RAW 264.7 macrophages depends on the resting [Ca2+]i. It has also been shown in this study that PAF and ATP differently regulate Ca2+ homeostasis in macrophages during inflammatory response and therefore they possibly differently modulate cytokine production by macrophages.
- Intracellular Ca
- Platelet activating factor
- RAW 264.7 macrophages
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience