The size dependence of plastic flow is studied by discrete dislocation dynamical simulations of systems with various amounts of interacting dislocations while the stress is slowly increased. The regions between avalanches in the individual stress curves as functions of the plastic strain were found to be nearly linear and reversible where the plastic deformation obeys an effective equation of motion with a nearly linear force. For small plastic deformation, the mean values of the stress-strain curves obey a power law over two decades. Here and for somewhat larger plastic deformations, the mean stress-strain curves converge for larger sizes, while their variances shrink, both indicating the existence of a thermodynamical limit. The converging averages decrease with increasing size, in accordance with size effects from experiments. For large plastic deformations, where steady flow sets in, the thermodynamical limit was not realized in this model system.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 13 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics