Plasma surface modification of Ti and TiAlV alloy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


Surface modification of commercially pure Ti and of Ti6Al4V alloy samples was performed by plasma immersion ion implantation with 25 kV energy. Plasma was generated by RF discharge in air, in nitrogen, or in a mixture of nitrogen and methane. Treatment in air plasma produced an oxide layer on the surface without appreciable incorporation of nitrogen, as detected by XPS. Significant surface enrichment of aluminium was measured after air plasma treatment of Ti6Al4V, but no such segregation was observed after nitrogen plasma treatment. These effects are interpreted by involvement of thermodynamic driving forces. Development of rutile and a sub-stoichiometric oxide were identified on Ti while no crystalline phases could be evaluated on the Ti6Al4V upon oxidation. The cubic TiN phase was found after nitrogen PIII treatment on both Ti and Ti6Al4V. Nanomechanical tests showed a significant increase in the hardness for Ti6Al4V after oxidizing PIII treatment in air. Considerable change in hardness could not be measured, however, after nitriding Fill treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1155-1158
Number of pages4
JournalSurface and Interface Analysis
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2004



  • Nanomechanical properties
  • PIII
  • Ti
  • TiAlV
  • XPS
  • XRD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this