Hyperinsulinaemiás egyének plazma homociszteinszintje.

Translated title of the contribution: Plasma homocysteine levels in hyperinsulinemic patients

G. Jermendy, T. Hídvégi, K. Hetyési

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Abstract

In order to evaluate the clinical characteristics of metabolic syndrome, a screening procedure was performed and in a cohort of middle-aged (40-60 years) hyperinsulinaemic (fasting plasma insulin > 15 microU/ml) and/or postprandial [120 min after 75 g glucose load] insulin > 45 microU/ml) subjects (n = 91; men/women: 38/53; age mean +/- SD 47.6 +/- 4.3 years; body mass index: 34.6 +/- 4.9 kg/m2; waist-hip ratio: 0.92 +/- 0.07; actual blood pressure 146 +/- 16/87 +/- 9 mmHg; fasting insulin: 24.2 +/- 11.3 microU/ml; postprandial insulin 125.5 +/- 103.8 microU/ml; serum LDL-cholesterol: 3.73 +/- 1.09 mmol/l; HDL-cholesterol: 1.12 +/- 0.30 mmol/l; triglycerides: 2.97 +/- 2.38 mmol/l; uric acid 279 +/- 79 mumol/l) plasma fasting homocysteine, vitamin B12 and folic acid levels were simultaneously determined. The values were separately evaluated according to the stages of glucose tolerance (normal glucose tolerance [n = 47]; impaired glucose tolerance [n = 24] and diabetes mellitus [n = 20]). Laboratory normal values were determined in 47 healthy subjects (control group, age: 45.0 +/- 7.8 years, men/women: 19/28). There was no significant difference between hyperinsulinaemic and control subjects regarding plasma homocysteine (9.28 +/- 3.81 mumol/l vs. 9.63 +/- 2.70 mumol/l), folic acid (8.5 +/- 5.9 ng/ml vs. 7.5 +/- 2.1 ng/ml) and vitamin B12 levels (423 +/- 141 pg/ml vs. 356 +/- 121 pg/ml). Plasma homocysteine levels were significantly (p < 0.001) higher in hyperinsulinaemic men than women (11.34 +/- 4.72 mumol/l [n = 38] vs. 7.86 +/- 2.13 mumol/l [n = 53]). There was no significant difference between subgroups classified according to the stages of glucose tolerance in hyperinsulinaemic groups. Plasma homocysteine values exceeding the upper limit of normal range (> 12.45 mumol/l) were detected at a similar prevalence rate in control (4/47 = 8.5%) and in hyperinsulinaemic subjects (10/91 = 10.9%). A weak but statistically significant correlation was found between plasma homocysteine values and age of subjects (r = 0.222; p < 0.05) whereas a stronger correlation was documented between plasma homocysteine and serum creatinine values (r = 0.658; p < 0.001) in hyperinsulinaemic groups (n = 91). Plasma homocysteine values independently from the stages of glucose tolerance are not elevated in hyperinsulinaemic subjects. Hyperhomocysteinaemia is not a characteristic feature of hyperinsulinism suggesting that plasma homocysteine levels are of no considerable importance in the complex pathomechanism of atherosclerosis at early stages of metabolic syndrome.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)277-281
Number of pages5
JournalOrvosi hetilap
Volume142
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Feb 11 2001

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Jermendy, G., Hídvégi, T., & Hetyési, K. (2001). Hyperinsulinaemiás egyének plazma homociszteinszintje. Orvosi hetilap, 142(6), 277-281.