Plasma-activated water to improve the stress tolerance of barley

Krisztián Gierczik, Tomislava Vukušić, László Kovács, András Székely, Gabriella Szalai, Slobodan Milošević, Gábor Kocsy, Kinga Kutasi, Gábor Galiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


It is shown that plasma-activated water (PAW) improves tolerance against combined low temperature and hypoxia stresses during germination. Due to PAW's effect on the antioxidant system, PAW pretreatment mitigates the reducing effect on plant growth of the hydroponically applied NaCl. PAW pretreatment reduces the salt-stress-induced decrease of the cysteine and γ-glutamylcysteine content and improves the plant's recovery after NaCl stress. PAW pretreatment also modifies the NaCl-induced changes in carotenoid content, especially, β-carotenes and xanthophylls. These compounds, together with glutathione can reduce salt-induced damage through the removal of excess reactive oxygen species, which could be the basis of the protective effect of PAW.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900123
JournalPlasma Processes and Polymers
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020



  • Hordeum vulgare
  • carotenoids
  • complex-stressing vigour test
  • plasma-activated water (PAW)
  • priming
  • salt stress
  • thiols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Gierczik, K., Vukušić, T., Kovács, L., Székely, A., Szalai, G., Milošević, S., Kocsy, G., Kutasi, K., & Galiba, G. (2020). Plasma-activated water to improve the stress tolerance of barley. Plasma Processes and Polymers, 17(3), [1900123].