Cells of a 2-year-old suspension culture of rice (Oryza sativa L.), grown under 1.5% NaCl stress for 3 months, gave rise to plants through embryogenesis in different saline conditions. The high regeneration potential (59.6%) on salt-free medium decreased rapidly with increasing concentration of salt in the regeneration medium. At 1.25% NaCl, healthy shoots were developed in 14.9% of the cultures. Under 1.5% salt stress, embryo formation and embryo germination (6.1%) was observed but further development into plants was inhibited. Cells not pretreated with salt produced plants at a low frequency (2.6-4.2%) both in salt-free and low saline condition (0.75-1% NaCl). Cells pretreated for 3 months with 0.75% salt did not give rise to plants on all tested media. Plants regenerated from the salt-stressed cultures were transferred to soil and grew to maturity in a greenhouse.
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