Plankton, Status and Role of

Colin S. Reynolds, J. Padisák

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

"Plankton" is a collective term for organisms adapted specifically for a life in suspension in the open waters (the pelagic zone) of the sea and of such inland waters as lakes, reservoirs, and rivers. Planktonic organisms include protists, microorganisms, and certain types of small metazoan animals, all sharing a common liability to passive entrainment in water currents, generated by tide, wind, convection, gravity, and the rotation of the earth. The physical variability of open-water habitats typically favors short life histories; rapid changes in dominant species composition, in response to fluctuating environmental conditions, contribute to the maintenance of high biological diversity in individual habitats and to the survival of high species richness among planktonic assemblages in general. This article provides an overview on form, function, and selection of the main plankton groups and discusses temporal patterns in the organization, diversity and species richness of planktonic communities in the aquatic environment and its habitat types.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Biodiversity
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages24-38
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780123847195
ISBN (Print)9780123847201
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013

Fingerprint

Plankton
plankton
Ecosystem
species diversity
Water
habitats
inland waters
water currents
organisms
aquatic environment
gravity
Convection
tides
Biodiversity
Tides
Gravitation
Lakes
Rivers
life history
Oceans and Seas

Keywords

  • Bacterioplankton
  • Diversity
  • Form and function
  • Functional groups
  • Habitat diversity
  • Life strategies
  • Light
  • Nutrients
  • Phytoplankton
  • Predation
  • Seasonal succession
  • Zooplankton

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Reynolds, C. S., & Padisák, J. (2013). Plankton, Status and Role of. In Encyclopedia of Biodiversity: Second Edition (pp. 24-38). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384719-5.00292-6

Plankton, Status and Role of. / Reynolds, Colin S.; Padisák, J.

Encyclopedia of Biodiversity: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2013. p. 24-38.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Reynolds, CS & Padisák, J 2013, Plankton, Status and Role of. in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., pp. 24-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384719-5.00292-6
Reynolds CS, Padisák J. Plankton, Status and Role of. In Encyclopedia of Biodiversity: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc. 2013. p. 24-38 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384719-5.00292-6
Reynolds, Colin S. ; Padisák, J. / Plankton, Status and Role of. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2013. pp. 24-38
@inbook{9fd391e005174883a7ba30351003732c,
title = "Plankton, Status and Role of",
abstract = "{"}Plankton{"} is a collective term for organisms adapted specifically for a life in suspension in the open waters (the pelagic zone) of the sea and of such inland waters as lakes, reservoirs, and rivers. Planktonic organisms include protists, microorganisms, and certain types of small metazoan animals, all sharing a common liability to passive entrainment in water currents, generated by tide, wind, convection, gravity, and the rotation of the earth. The physical variability of open-water habitats typically favors short life histories; rapid changes in dominant species composition, in response to fluctuating environmental conditions, contribute to the maintenance of high biological diversity in individual habitats and to the survival of high species richness among planktonic assemblages in general. This article provides an overview on form, function, and selection of the main plankton groups and discusses temporal patterns in the organization, diversity and species richness of planktonic communities in the aquatic environment and its habitat types.",
keywords = "Bacterioplankton, Diversity, Form and function, Functional groups, Habitat diversity, Life strategies, Light, Nutrients, Phytoplankton, Predation, Seasonal succession, Zooplankton",
author = "Reynolds, {Colin S.} and J. Padis{\'a}k",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/B978-0-12-384719-5.00292-6",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780123847201",
pages = "24--38",
booktitle = "Encyclopedia of Biodiversity",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Plankton, Status and Role of

AU - Reynolds, Colin S.

AU - Padisák, J.

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - "Plankton" is a collective term for organisms adapted specifically for a life in suspension in the open waters (the pelagic zone) of the sea and of such inland waters as lakes, reservoirs, and rivers. Planktonic organisms include protists, microorganisms, and certain types of small metazoan animals, all sharing a common liability to passive entrainment in water currents, generated by tide, wind, convection, gravity, and the rotation of the earth. The physical variability of open-water habitats typically favors short life histories; rapid changes in dominant species composition, in response to fluctuating environmental conditions, contribute to the maintenance of high biological diversity in individual habitats and to the survival of high species richness among planktonic assemblages in general. This article provides an overview on form, function, and selection of the main plankton groups and discusses temporal patterns in the organization, diversity and species richness of planktonic communities in the aquatic environment and its habitat types.

AB - "Plankton" is a collective term for organisms adapted specifically for a life in suspension in the open waters (the pelagic zone) of the sea and of such inland waters as lakes, reservoirs, and rivers. Planktonic organisms include protists, microorganisms, and certain types of small metazoan animals, all sharing a common liability to passive entrainment in water currents, generated by tide, wind, convection, gravity, and the rotation of the earth. The physical variability of open-water habitats typically favors short life histories; rapid changes in dominant species composition, in response to fluctuating environmental conditions, contribute to the maintenance of high biological diversity in individual habitats and to the survival of high species richness among planktonic assemblages in general. This article provides an overview on form, function, and selection of the main plankton groups and discusses temporal patterns in the organization, diversity and species richness of planktonic communities in the aquatic environment and its habitat types.

KW - Bacterioplankton

KW - Diversity

KW - Form and function

KW - Functional groups

KW - Habitat diversity

KW - Life strategies

KW - Light

KW - Nutrients

KW - Phytoplankton

KW - Predation

KW - Seasonal succession

KW - Zooplankton

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042819379&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042819379&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-0-12-384719-5.00292-6

DO - 10.1016/B978-0-12-384719-5.00292-6

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780123847201

SP - 24

EP - 38

BT - Encyclopedia of Biodiversity

PB - Elsevier Inc.

ER -