Phytoplankton-based shallow lake types in the Carpathian basin: Steps towards a bottom-up typology

Gábor Borics, Balázs A. Lukács, István Grigorszky, Zsolt László-Nagy, László G-Tóth, Ágnes Bolgovics, Sándor Szabó, Judit Görgényi, Gábor Várbíró

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


As lake biota are basically determined by hydromorphological characteristics of the lake basin, establishment of a lake typology is the first step in lake quality assessment and management. Based on descriptor variables (size, depth, lake bed material, water-regime and macrophyte coverage), 16 hydromorphological lake-types were established for the Pannonian Ecoregion. Our analyses revealed that descriptor variables have considerable effect both on biomass and composition of phytoplankton. As the phytoplankton biomass of several lake-types can be merged, a simplified typology can be proposed. Since the phytoplankton composition of various lake-types differed significantly in terms of diversity and relative abundance of functional groups, well delineated composition-based types cannot be established for Pannonian lakes. Although the Pannonian Ecoregion is the westernmost part of the Eurasian steppe zone, the proposed typology of the studied area can be extended to lakes of the greater Pannonian region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-34
Number of pages12
JournalFundamental and Applied Limnology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014



  • Bottom-up types
  • Phytoplankton
  • Shallow lakes
  • Typology descriptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology

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