Phytochemical evaluation of Lythrum salicaria extracts and their effects on Guinea-pig ileum

Tímea Bencsik, Loránd Barthó, Viktor Sándor, Nóra Papp, Rita Benkó, Attila Felinger, Ferenc Kilár, Györgyi Horváth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


n-Hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and 50% ethanol in water extracts prepared from the air-dried flowering parts of Lythrum salicaria L. were tested for in vitro pharmacological properties on Guinea-pig ileum, which is suitable for detecting a whole range of neuronal and smooth muscle effects. UHPLC-MS was used to evaluate polyphenol components of the extracts. In the ileum, the most prominent response (46.4% related to 0.5 μM histamine) of the extracts causing smooth muscle contractions were triggered by the 50% ethanol in water extract in a concentration-dependent manner. Atropine, indomethacin and PPADS plus suramin significantly reduced the contractile response caused by this extract. The strongest inhibition was due to atropine. The results suggest that L. salicaria extracts have a moderate muscarinic receptor agonist effect in Guinea-pig ileum and that prostanoids and purinoceptor mechanisms are involved to some extent. Therefore diluted extracts of L. salicaria p.o. could be used as a mild stimulant of gastrointestinal motility. The 50% ethanol in water extract was rich in polyphenols. n-Hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate extracts failed to contain catechin, caffeic acid, quercetin-3-D-galactoside and rutin, but they all showed spasmogenic effects, and, therefore we do not think that these compounds could be involved in the spasmogenic activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1247-1250
Number of pages4
JournalNatural product communications
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Cholinergic
  • Guinea-pig ileum
  • Lythrum salicaria
  • Polyphenols
  • Spasmogenic effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Plant Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Phytochemical evaluation of Lythrum salicaria extracts and their effects on Guinea-pig ileum'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this