Physiotherapy vs. capsular shift and physiotherapy in multidirectional shoulder joint instability

Rita M. Kiss, Árpád Illyés, Jeno Kiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the study was to compare the kinematic parameters and the on-off pattern of the muscles of patients with multidirectional instability (MDI) treated by physiotherapy or by capsular shift and postoperative physiotherapy before and after treatment during elevation in the scapular plane. Scope: The study was carried out on 32 patients with MDI of the shoulder treated with physiotherapy, 19 patients with MDI of the shoulder treated by capsular shift and postoperative physiotherapy, and 25 healthy subjects. The motion of skeletal elements was modeled by the range of humeral elevation, scapulothoracic angle and glenohumeral angle, scapulothoracic (ST) and glenohumeral (GH) rhythms, and relative displacement between the rotation centers of the humerus and scapula. The muscle pattern was modeled by the on-off pattern of muscles around the shoulder, which summarizes the activity duration of the investigated muscles. Results: The different ST and GH rhythms and the increased relative displacement between the rotation centers of the scapula and the humerus were observed in MDI patients. The physiotherapy strengthened the rotator cuff, biceps brachii, triceps brachii, deltoid muscles, and increase the neuromuscular control of the shoulder joints. Capsular shift and physiotherapy enabled bilinear ST and GH rhythms and the normal relative displacement between the rotation centers of the scapula and humerus to be restored. After surgery and physiotherapy, the duration of muscular activity was almost normal. Conclusion: The significant alteration in shoulder kinematics observed in MDI patients cannot be restored by physiotherapy only. After the capsular shift and postoperative physiotherapy angulation at 60° of ST and GH rhythms, the relative displacement between the rotation centers of the scapula and humerus and the duration of muscular activity were restored.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-501
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2010

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Capsular shift
  • Electromyography
  • Kinematics
  • MDI
  • Movement pattern
  • Physiotherapy
  • Short-term results
  • Shoulder joint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Biophysics
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this