Physiological and morphological characterization of tert-butylhydroperoxide tolerant Candida albicans mutants

Andrea Fekete, Imre Pócsi, Tamás Emri, Ágnes Gyetvai, Zoltán Gazdag, Miklós Pesti, Zsolt Karányi, László Majoros, Lajos Gergely, István Pócsi

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

tert-Butylhydroperoxide (tBOOH) tolerant Candida albicans mutants developed from clinical isolates were characterized with increased tolerance of the oxidative stress generating agents tBOOH and H2O2, continuous induction of the antioxidative defence system, reduced pseudohypha and hypha-forming capabilities, decreased phospholipase secretion and delayed growth in Sabouraud dextrose agar and broth media. Changes in antimycotic (fluconazole, voriconazole, amphotericin B, 5-fluorocytosine) tolerances as well as in total and cytochrome c-dependent respirations showed versatile patterns, meanwhile the intensified alternative oxidase-dependent respiration of the mutants indicated that this respiratory pathway was an important element of the antioxidative defence in general. Because the phenotypes of increased oxidative stress tolerance and reduced virulence attribute production always emerged concomitantly in tBOOH-tolerant mutants the natural selection of C. albicans strains more tolerant of oxidative stress is unlikely. Not surprisingly, a screening study failed to detect any C. albicans strains with increased oxidative stress tolerance among 46 randomly selected clinical isolates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-487
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of basic microbiology
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2008

Keywords

  • Antimycotics
  • Candida albicans
  • Oxidative stress
  • Virulence attributes
  • tert-butylhydroperoxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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