Physical Activity Is Associated with Attention Capacity in Adolescents

Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To assess the relationships among physical activity, measured objectively, and attention capacity in European adolescents. Study design The study included 273 adolescents, aged 12.5-17.5 years, who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Study. Participants wore a uniaxial accelerometer for 7 days to measure physical activity. The d2 Test of Attention was administered to assess attention capacity. Multivariate analyses were used to study the association of attention capacity with each measure of physical activity. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to determine thresholds that best discriminate between low and good attention capacity. Results After controlling for potential confounding variables (age, sex, body mass index, parental educational level, fat mass, aerobic fitness, and center), adolescents' attention capacity test performances were significantly and positively associated with longer time spent in moderate or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in free-living conditions (P -1 for moderate, ≥12 min·day-1 for vigorous, and ≥58 min·day-1 for MVPA. Conclusion These findings suggest that promoting MVPA may be have a beneficial effect on attention capacity, an important component of cognition, in adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-131
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of pediatrics
Volume168
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

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Exercise
Fitness Centers
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Social Conditions
ROC Curve
Cognition
Body Mass Index
Multivariate Analysis
Fats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study Group (2016). Physical Activity Is Associated with Attention Capacity in Adolescents. The Journal of pediatrics, 168, 126-131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.09.029

Physical Activity Is Associated with Attention Capacity in Adolescents. / Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study Group.

In: The Journal of pediatrics, Vol. 168, 01.01.2016, p. 126-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study Group 2016, 'Physical Activity Is Associated with Attention Capacity in Adolescents', The Journal of pediatrics, vol. 168, pp. 126-131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.09.029
Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study Group. Physical Activity Is Associated with Attention Capacity in Adolescents. The Journal of pediatrics. 2016 Jan 1;168:126-131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.09.029
Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study Group. / Physical Activity Is Associated with Attention Capacity in Adolescents. In: The Journal of pediatrics. 2016 ; Vol. 168. pp. 126-131.
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abstract = "Objective To assess the relationships among physical activity, measured objectively, and attention capacity in European adolescents. Study design The study included 273 adolescents, aged 12.5-17.5 years, who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Study. Participants wore a uniaxial accelerometer for 7 days to measure physical activity. The d2 Test of Attention was administered to assess attention capacity. Multivariate analyses were used to study the association of attention capacity with each measure of physical activity. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to determine thresholds that best discriminate between low and good attention capacity. Results After controlling for potential confounding variables (age, sex, body mass index, parental educational level, fat mass, aerobic fitness, and center), adolescents' attention capacity test performances were significantly and positively associated with longer time spent in moderate or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in free-living conditions (P -1 for moderate, ≥12 min·day-1 for vigorous, and ≥58 min·day-1 for MVPA. Conclusion These findings suggest that promoting MVPA may be have a beneficial effect on attention capacity, an important component of cognition, in adolescents.",
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AU - Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study Group

AU - Vanhelst, Jérémy

AU - Béghin, Laurent

AU - Duhamel, Alain

AU - Manios, Yannis

AU - Molnár, D.

AU - De Henauw, Sefaan

AU - Moreno, Luis A.

AU - Ortega, Francisco B.

AU - Sjöström, Michael

AU - Widhalm, Kurt

AU - Gottrand, Frédéric

AU - De Henauw, Stefaan

AU - González-Gross, Marcela

AU - Gilbert, Chantal

AU - Kafatos, Anthony

AU - Sánchez, Jackie

AU - Hall, Gunnar

AU - Maes, Lea

AU - Meléndez, Pilar

AU - Fleta, Jesús

AU - Casajús, José A.

AU - Rodríguez, Gerardo

AU - Tomás, Concepción

AU - Mesana, María I.

AU - Vicente-Rodríguez, Germán

AU - Villarroya, Adoración

AU - Gil, Carlos M.

AU - Ara, Ignacio

AU - Revenga, Juan

AU - Lachen, Carmen

AU - Alvira, Juan Fernández

AU - Bueno, Gloria

AU - Lázaro, Aurora

AU - Bueno, Olga

AU - León, Juan F.

AU - Garagorri, Jesús Ma

AU - Bueno, Manuel

AU - Rey López, Juan Pablo

AU - Iglesia, Iris

AU - Velasco, Paula

AU - Bel, Silvia

AU - Marcos, Ascensión

AU - Wärnberg, Julia

AU - Nova, Esther

AU - Gómez, Sonia

AU - Díaz, Esperanza Ligia

AU - Romeo, Javier

AU - Veses, Ana

AU - Puertollano, Mari Angeles

AU - Erhardt, E.

PY - 2016/1/1

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N2 - Objective To assess the relationships among physical activity, measured objectively, and attention capacity in European adolescents. Study design The study included 273 adolescents, aged 12.5-17.5 years, who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Study. Participants wore a uniaxial accelerometer for 7 days to measure physical activity. The d2 Test of Attention was administered to assess attention capacity. Multivariate analyses were used to study the association of attention capacity with each measure of physical activity. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to determine thresholds that best discriminate between low and good attention capacity. Results After controlling for potential confounding variables (age, sex, body mass index, parental educational level, fat mass, aerobic fitness, and center), adolescents' attention capacity test performances were significantly and positively associated with longer time spent in moderate or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in free-living conditions (P -1 for moderate, ≥12 min·day-1 for vigorous, and ≥58 min·day-1 for MVPA. Conclusion These findings suggest that promoting MVPA may be have a beneficial effect on attention capacity, an important component of cognition, in adolescents.

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