Physical activity and clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors in young children: A cross-sectional study (the IDEFICS study)

David Jiménez-Pavón, Kenn Konstabel, Patrick Bergman, Wolfgang Ahrens, Hermann Pohlabeln, Charalampos Hadjigeorgiou, Alfonso Siani, Licia Iacoviello, D. Molnár, Stefaan De Henauw, Yannis Pitsiladis, Luis A. Moreno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The relevance of physical activity (PA) for combating cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in children has been highlighted, but to date there has been no large-scale study analyzing that association in children aged ≤9 years of age. This study sought to evaluate the associations between objectively-measured PA and clustered CVD risk factors in a large sample of European children, and to provide evidence for gender-specific recommendations of PA. Methods: Cross-sectional data from a longitudinal study in 16,224 children aged 2 to 9 were collected. Of these, 3,120 (1,016 between 2 to 6 years, 2,104 between 6 to 9 years) had sufficient data for inclusion in the current analyses. Two different age-specific and gender-specific clustered CVD risk scores associated with PA were determined. First, a CVD risk factor (CRF) continuous score was computed using the following variables: systolic blood pressure (SBP), total triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC)/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) ratio, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and sum of two skinfolds (score CRFs). Secondly, another CVD risk score was obtained for older children containing the score CRFs + the cardiorespiratory fitness variable (termed score CRFs + fit). Data used in the current analysis were derived from the IDEFICS ('Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS') study. Results: In boys

Original languageEnglish
Article number172
JournalBMC Medicine
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 30 2013

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Cardiovascular Diseases
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise
Blood Pressure
HDL Cholesterol
Longitudinal Studies
Insulin Resistance
Life Style
Triglycerides
Homeostasis
Cholesterol
Health

Keywords

  • Accelerometers
  • Cardiovascular disease risk factors
  • Physical activity
  • Younger children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Jiménez-Pavón, D., Konstabel, K., Bergman, P., Ahrens, W., Pohlabeln, H., Hadjigeorgiou, C., ... Moreno, L. A. (2013). Physical activity and clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors in young children: A cross-sectional study (the IDEFICS study). BMC Medicine, 11(1), [172]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1741-7015-11-172

Physical activity and clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors in young children : A cross-sectional study (the IDEFICS study). / Jiménez-Pavón, David; Konstabel, Kenn; Bergman, Patrick; Ahrens, Wolfgang; Pohlabeln, Hermann; Hadjigeorgiou, Charalampos; Siani, Alfonso; Iacoviello, Licia; Molnár, D.; De Henauw, Stefaan; Pitsiladis, Yannis; Moreno, Luis A.

In: BMC Medicine, Vol. 11, No. 1, 172, 30.07.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jiménez-Pavón, D, Konstabel, K, Bergman, P, Ahrens, W, Pohlabeln, H, Hadjigeorgiou, C, Siani, A, Iacoviello, L, Molnár, D, De Henauw, S, Pitsiladis, Y & Moreno, LA 2013, 'Physical activity and clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors in young children: A cross-sectional study (the IDEFICS study)', BMC Medicine, vol. 11, no. 1, 172. https://doi.org/10.1186/1741-7015-11-172
Jiménez-Pavón, David ; Konstabel, Kenn ; Bergman, Patrick ; Ahrens, Wolfgang ; Pohlabeln, Hermann ; Hadjigeorgiou, Charalampos ; Siani, Alfonso ; Iacoviello, Licia ; Molnár, D. ; De Henauw, Stefaan ; Pitsiladis, Yannis ; Moreno, Luis A. / Physical activity and clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors in young children : A cross-sectional study (the IDEFICS study). In: BMC Medicine. 2013 ; Vol. 11, No. 1.
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