Phr1p, a glycosylphosphatidylinsitol-anchored β(1,3)-glucanosyltransferase critical for hyphal wall formation, localizes to the apical growth sites and septa in Candida albicans

Enrico Ragni, Julia Calderon, Umberto Fascio, M. Sipiczki, William A. Fonzi, Laura Popolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cell wall biogenesis is a dynamic process relying on the coordinated activity of several extracellular enzymes. PHR1 is a pH-regulated gene of Candida albicans encoding a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored β(1,3)-glucanosyltransferase of family GH72 which acts as a cell wall remodelling enzyme and is crucial for morphogenesis and virulence. In order to explore the function of Phr1p, we obtained a green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion to determine its localization. During induction of vegetative growth, Phr1p-GFP was concentrated in the plasma membrane of the growing bud, in the mother-bud neck, and in the septum. Phr1p-GFP was recovered in the detergent-resistant membranes indicating its association with the lipid rafts as the wild type Phr1p. Upon induction of hyphal growth, Phr1p-GFP highly concentrated at the apex of the germ tubes and progressively distributed along the lateral sides of the hyphae. Phr1p-GFP also labelled the hyphal septa, where it colocalized with chitin. Localization to the hyphal septa was perturbed in nocodazole-treated cells, whereas inhibition of actin polymerization hindered the apical localization. Electron Microscopy analysis of the hyphal wall ultrastructure of a PHR1 null mutant showed loss of compactness and irregular organization of the surface layer. These observations indicate that Phr1p plays a crucial role in hyphal wall formation, a highly regulated process on which morphogenesis and virulence rely.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)793-805
Number of pages13
JournalFungal Genetics and Biology
Volume48
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Fingerprint

Green Fluorescent Proteins
Candida albicans
Growth
Morphogenesis
Cell Wall
Virulence
Nocodazole
Glycosylphosphatidylinositols
Chitin
Hyphae
Enzymes
Polymerization
Detergents
Actins
Electron Microscopy
Cell Membrane
Lipids
Membranes
Genes

Keywords

  • Candida albicans
  • Cell wall
  • Family GH72
  • Glucanosyltransferases
  • Hyphal growth
  • Morphogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Phr1p, a glycosylphosphatidylinsitol-anchored β(1,3)-glucanosyltransferase critical for hyphal wall formation, localizes to the apical growth sites and septa in Candida albicans. / Ragni, Enrico; Calderon, Julia; Fascio, Umberto; Sipiczki, M.; Fonzi, William A.; Popolo, Laura.

In: Fungal Genetics and Biology, Vol. 48, No. 8, 08.2011, p. 793-805.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Cell wall biogenesis is a dynamic process relying on the coordinated activity of several extracellular enzymes. PHR1 is a pH-regulated gene of Candida albicans encoding a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored β(1,3)-glucanosyltransferase of family GH72 which acts as a cell wall remodelling enzyme and is crucial for morphogenesis and virulence. In order to explore the function of Phr1p, we obtained a green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion to determine its localization. During induction of vegetative growth, Phr1p-GFP was concentrated in the plasma membrane of the growing bud, in the mother-bud neck, and in the septum. Phr1p-GFP was recovered in the detergent-resistant membranes indicating its association with the lipid rafts as the wild type Phr1p. Upon induction of hyphal growth, Phr1p-GFP highly concentrated at the apex of the germ tubes and progressively distributed along the lateral sides of the hyphae. Phr1p-GFP also labelled the hyphal septa, where it colocalized with chitin. Localization to the hyphal septa was perturbed in nocodazole-treated cells, whereas inhibition of actin polymerization hindered the apical localization. Electron Microscopy analysis of the hyphal wall ultrastructure of a PHR1 null mutant showed loss of compactness and irregular organization of the surface layer. These observations indicate that Phr1p plays a crucial role in hyphal wall formation, a highly regulated process on which morphogenesis and virulence rely.",
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