Photosystem I oligomerization affects lipid composition in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803

Terezia Kovacs, Balazs Szalontai, K. Kłodawska, R. Vladkova, Przemysław Malec, Zoltan Gombos, Hajnalka Laczko-Dobos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In cyanobacteria, increasing growth temperature decreases lipid unsaturation and the ratio of monomer/trimer photosystem I (PSI) complexes. In the present study we applied Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and lipidomic analysis to study the effects of PSI monomer/oligomer ratio on the physical properties and lipid composition of thylakoids. To enhance the presence of monomeric PSI, a Synechocystis sp. PCC6803/ΔpsaL mutant strain (PsaL) was used which, unlike both trimeric and monomeric PSI-containing wild type (WT) cells, contain only the monomeric form. The protein-to-lipid ratio remained unchanged in the mutant but, due to an increase in the lipid disorder in its thylakoids, the gel to liquid-crystalline phase transition temperature (Tm) is lower than in the WT. In thylakoid membranes of the mutant, digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG), the most abundant bilayer-forming lipid is accumulated, whereas those in the WT contain more monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG), the only non-bilayer-forming lipid in cyanobacteria. In PsaL cells, the unsaturation level of sulphoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG), a regulatory anionic lipid, has increased. It seems that merely a change in the oligomerization level of a membrane protein complex (PSI), and thus the altered protein-lipid interface, can affect the lipid composition and, in addition, the whole dynamics of the membrane. Singular value decomposition (SVD) analysis has shown that in PsaL thylakoidal protein-lipid interactions are less stable than in the WT, and proteins start losing their native secondary structure at much milder lipid packing perturbations. Conclusions drawn from this system should be generally applicable for protein-lipid interactions in biological membranes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1384-1395
Number of pages12
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids
Volume1864
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Infrared spectroscopy
  • Lipidomic analysis
  • PSI oligomers
  • Protein-lipid interaction
  • PsaL mutant
  • Synechocystis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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