Photosynthesis under artificial light: The shift in primary and secondary metabolism

Eva Darko, Parisa Heydarizadeh, Benoît Schoefs, Mohammad R. Sabzalian

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

131 Citations (Scopus)


Providing an adequate quantity and quality of food for the escalating human population under changing climatic conditions is currently a great challenge. In outdoor cultures, sunlight provides energy (through photosynthesis) for photosynthetic organisms. They also use light quality to sense and respond to their environment. To increase the production capacity, controlled growing systems using artificial lighting have been taken into consideration. Recent development of light-emitting diode (LED) technologies presents an enormous potential for improving plant growth and making systems more sustainable. This review uses selected examples to show how LED can mimic natural light to ensure the growth and development of photosynthetic organisms, and how changes in intensity and wavelength can manipulate the plant metabolism with the aim to produce functionalized foods.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Issue number1640
Publication statusPublished - Apr 19 2014


  • Controlled-environment agriculture
  • Lightemitting diode
  • Metabolism
  • Microalgae
  • Photosynthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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