We propose the use of a balanced 2N-port as a technique to measure the pure quantum state of a single-mode light field. In our scheme the coincidence signals of simple, realistic photodetectors are recorded at the output of the 2N-port. We show that applying different arrangements both the modulus and the phase of the coefficients in a finite superposition state can be measured. In particular, the photon statistics can be so measured with currently available devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)