Photocatalytic H2 evolution using different commercial TiO2 catalysts deposited with finely size-tailored au nanoparticles: Critical dependence on au particle size

Ákos Kmetykó, Károly Mogyorósi, Péter Pusztai, Teodora Radu, Zoltán Kónya, András Dombi, Klára Hernádi

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One weight percent of differently sized Au nanoparticles were deposited on two commercially available TiO2 photocatalysts: Aeroxide P25 and Kronos Vlp7000. The primary objective was to investigate the influence of the noble metal particle size and the deposition method on the photocatalytic activity. The developed synthesis method involves a simple approach for the preparation of finely-tuned Au particles through variation of the concentration of the stabilizing agent. Au was deposited on the TiO2 surface by photo- or chemical reduction, using trisodium citrate as a size-tailoring agent. The Au-TiO2 composites were synthetized by in situ reduction or by mixing the titania suspension with a previously prepared gold sol. The H2 production activities of the samples were studied in aqueous TiO2 suspensions irradiated with near-UV light in the absence of dissolved O2, with oxalic acid or methanol as the sacrificial agent. The H2 evolution rates proved to be strongly dependent on Au particle size: the highest H2 production rate was achieved when the Au particles measured ~6 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7615-7633
Number of pages19
JournalMaterials
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

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Keywords

  • Au nanoparticle
  • H evolution
  • Oxalic acid
  • Size-dependent activity
  • TiO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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