Phosphorylation of PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome ten) protein is enhanced in human fibromyomatous uteri

Kálmán A. Kovács, Ferenc Lengyel, Zsuzsanna Vértes, József L. Környei, Péter M. Gocze, Balazs Sumegi, István Szabó, Marietta Vértes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)


PTEN phosphatase, a product of PTEN tumor suppressor gene, exists in cells in phosphorylated and unphosphorylated form and has a central role in regulation of PI3K/Akt signalling which is involved in non-genomic action of estradiol. The purpose of this study was to analyze the level of total PTEN and phosphoPTEN parallel to phosphoAkt in leiomyoma and adjacent myometrium during menstrual cycle and at menopause. The expression of total PTEN in leiomyoma and myometrium did not change throughout the experiments. However, the level of phosphoPTEN was increased in leiomyoma during menstrual cycle. The phosphorylation of PTEN in myometrium was lower during secretory phase than that of proliferative phase. The phosphoAkt was abundant in leiomyoma, and its expression was higher during menstrual cycle than in myometrium. The phosphorylation of PTEN was directly related to phosphoAkt, suggesting a direct link between the inactivation of PTEN and activation of Akt. At the decline of sexual steroids, at menopause, no differences were observed in the expression of studied proteins between the two types of tissues. Our results suggest that the altered phosphorylation of PTEN protein and the consequent activation of survival signals may contribute to the pathomechanism of leiomyoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-199
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2007



  • Enhanced PTEN phosphorylation
  • Impaired PTEN/Akt signalling
  • Leiomyoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this