Phosphorylation of phytochrome B inhibits light-induced signaling via accelerated dark reversion in Arabidopsis

Mátyás Medzihradszky, János Bindics, Éva Ádám, András Viczián, Éva Klement, Séverine Lorrain, Péter Gyula, Zsuzsanna Mérai, Christian Fankhauser, Katalin F. Medzihradszky, Tim Kunkel, Eberhard Schäfer, Ferenc Nagy

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Abstract

The photoreceptor phytochrome B (phyB) interconverts between the biologically active Pfr (λmax = 730 nm) and inactive Pr (λmax = 660 nm) forms in a red/far-red-dependent fashion and regulates, as molecular switch, many aspects of lightdependent development in Arabidopsis thaliana. phyB signaling is launched by the biologically active Pfr conformer and mediated by specific protein-protein interactions between phyB Pfr and its downstream regulatory partners, whereas conversion of Pfr to Pr terminates signaling. Here, we provide evidence that phyB is phosphorylated in planta at Ser-86 located in the N-terminal domain of the photoreceptor. Analysis of phyB-9 transgenic plants expressing phospho-mimic and nonphosphorylatable phyB-yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) fusions demonstrated that phosphorylation of Ser-86 negatively regulates all physiological responses tested. The Ser86Asp and Ser86Ala substitutions do not affect stability, photoconversion, and spectral properties of the photoreceptor, but light-independent relaxation of the phyBSer86Asp Pfr into Pr, also termed dark reversion, is strongly enhanced both in vivo and in vitro. Faster dark reversion attenuates red light- induced nuclear import and interaction of phyBSer86Asp-YFP Pfr with the negative regulator PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTOR3 compared with phyB-green fluorescent protein. These data suggest that accelerated inactivation of the photoreceptor phyB via phosphorylation of Ser-86 represents a new paradigm for modulating phytochrome-controlled signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)535-544
Number of pages10
JournalPlant Cell
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Medzihradszky, M., Bindics, J., Ádám, É., Viczián, A., Klement, É., Lorrain, S., Gyula, P., Mérai, Z., Fankhauser, C., Medzihradszky, K. F., Kunkel, T., Schäfer, E., & Nagy, F. (2013). Phosphorylation of phytochrome B inhibits light-induced signaling via accelerated dark reversion in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell, 25(2), 535-544. https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.112.106898