Phosphorus-loaded alumina supported nickel catalysts for CO2 hydrogenation: Ni2P/Ni5P12 drives activity

T. Rajkumar, András Sápi, Marietta Ábel, Gyula Halasi, János Kiss, Juan Fernando Gómez-Pérez, Henrik Bali, Ákos Kukovecz, Zoltán Kónya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A series of 5 wt% NiO-xP-Al2O3 with different phosphorus loading contents (x = 0, 5, 15 and 20 wt%) were prepared by a modified sol-gel method. A significant promotional effect of phosphorus on NiO-Al2O3 in CO2 hydrogenation is observed. All the catalysts reach the highest conversion at 600 °C with 61.54 %, 62.89 %, 63.88 % and 66.13 % respectively for 5 wt% NiO-Al2O3, 5 wt% NiO-5P-Al2O3, 5 wt% NiO-15P-Al2O3 and 5 wt% NiO-20P-Al2O3 catalysts. Ni/NiO/Ni2P/Ni5P12/AlPO4 interfacial species were detected on the surface as active species on the used catalysts by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The formation ratio of the metal-phosphide is relatively low ∼3−5 %, and this atomic concentration is decreasing with the rising of the phosphate content. However, the nickel enrichment in the surface layer presumable in Ni2P/Ni5P12 form is very likely according to the P 2p spectra and the authors assume that could be responsible for the enhanced catalytic activity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111113
JournalMolecular Catalysis
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • CO hydrogenation
  • H-TPR
  • Nickel-based catalyst
  • Phosphorus-loaded
  • XPS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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