Brief treatment of rat liver plasma membranes with phospholipase C of Clostridium welchii increased both the ratio of saturated to unsaturated fatty acids and the ratio of cholesterol to phospholipids. Using 5-doxylstearic acid spin probes two breaks at 29 and 19.6 °C could be observed in the order parameter, SA, vs temperature curve for untreated membranes. Upon phospholipase C digestion the lower phase transition temperature was shifted to 23 °C, while the higher phase transition temperature could not be detected up to 40 °C. The order parameter, SA, was consistently higher at all temperatures in the phospholipase C-treated membranes. As phospholipase C is known to attack the outer lamella, these results can be interpreted as indicating an increase in ordering (i.e., decrease in fluidity) of the outer membrane lamella. On the other hand, an increase in basal activity of adenylate cyclase of the treated membranes was observed with an apparent reduction of the activation energies both below and above the break (at 20 °C) in the Arrhenius plot of enzyme activity. Phospholipase C treatment did not affect the temperature of the break in Arrhenius kinetics of the enzyme. The results are discussed in terms of the role of the ordering state of membrane lipids in adenylate cyclase activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology