Phosphoinositides account for only a tiny fraction of cellular phospholipids but are extremely important in the regulation of the recruitment and activity of many signaling proteins in cellular membranes. Phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) 4-kinases generate PtdIns 4-phosphate, the precursor of important regulatory phosphoinositides but also an emerging regulatory molecule in its own right. The four mammalian PtdIns 4-kinases regulate a diverse array of signaling events, as well as vesicular trafficking and lipid transport, but the mechanisms by which their lipid product PtdIns 4-phosphate controls these processes is only beginning to unfold.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology