Pheromone races of Cydia splendana (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) overlap in host plant association and geographic distribution

Marie Bengtsson, Anne Boutitie, Julia Jósvai, M. Tóth, Stefanos Andreadis, Stefan Rauscher, C. Rikard Unelius, Peter Witzgall

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Identification of the sex pheromone of Cydia splendana (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) by pheromone gland analysis followed by field trapping with synthetic compounds shows the occurrence of two pheromone races. Acorn moth females from Sweden, where oak Quercus robur is the only host plant, use a blend of the E, Z and E, E isomers of 8,10-dodecadien-1-yl acetate. In Central and Southern Europe, where C. splendana feeds on chestnut Castanea sativa and several species of oak, males respond to another isomer blend, E, E and Z, E. The distribution of the two pheromone races of C. splendana overlaps in Northern France, where they share oak as plant host. Differences in sex communication signals between these populations of C. splendana corroborate the role of specific mate recognition in speciation events.

Original languageEnglish
Article number46
JournalFrontiers in Ecology and Evolution
Issue numberAUG
Publication statusPublished - Aug 6 2014



  • Castanea
  • Fagaceae
  • Host plant
  • Quercus
  • Reproductive isolation
  • Sibling species
  • Specific mate recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

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