Phenotypic characterization of testicular immune cells expressing immune checkpoint molecules in wild-type and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide-deficient mice

Matyas Meggyes, Adrienn Lajko, Balazs Daniel Fulop, Dora Reglodi, Laszlo Szereday

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Problem: Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a neuropeptide having several regulatory functions in the nervous system and in peripheral organs including those of the reproductive system. PACAP-deficient male mice have several morphological, biochemical, behavioral defects and show disturbed signaling in spermatogenesis affecting fertility in PACAP KO mice. Reproductive functions such as fertility, mating, and maternal behaviors have been widely investigated, but no immune analyses are available regarding the testicular immune-privileged environment in male PACAP-deficient mice. Method of Study: We performed detailed immunophenotyping of testicular immune cells and investigated the expression of TIM-3 and PD-1 Immune checkpoint molecules of immune cells together with the detection of galectin-9 and perforin. We investigated the percentage of numerous immune cell populations in the testis of wild-type and PACAP-deficient mice. Results: We demonstrated a significant increase in the frequency of testicular CD8+ T cells together with the decrease in Treg cell number obtained from PACAP KO mice compared with wild-type mice. Investigating Immune checkpoint receptors, only PD-1 showed a significantly decreased expression in CD8+ T cells in PACAP KO mice compared with wild-type suggesting an impaired PD-1/PD-L1 pathway. Regarding TIM-3 expression, we did not find any significant difference between the investigated groups. Conclusion: We hypothesize that these local changes may result in an immune activation with disturbed testicular immunoregulation in PACAP KO mice; however, determining the exact function requires further investigations. Our data further support the view that besides a systemic immune tolerance, localized active immunosuppression is involved in the regulation of testicular immune privilege.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13212
JournalAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Volume83
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020

Keywords

  • PACAP
  • PD-1
  • PD-L1
  • TIM-3
  • galectin-9
  • neuropeptide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Phenotypic characterization of testicular immune cells expressing immune checkpoint molecules in wild-type and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide-deficient mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this