We have treated the Euclidean three-dimensional O(1) ghost model with a modified version of the effective average action (EAA) renormalization group (RG) method, developed by us. We call it Fourier-Wetterich RG approach and it is used to investigate the occurrence of a periodic condensate in terms of the functional RG. The modification involves additional terms in the ansatz of the EAA, corresponding to the Fourier-modes of the periodic condensate. The RG flow equations are derived keeping the terms up to the fourth order of the gradient expansion (GE), however the numerical calculations are conducted in the second order (or next-to-leading order, NLO) of the GE. The expansion of the flow equations around the nontrivial minimum of the local potential takes into account properly the vertices induced by the periodic condensate even if the wave function renormalization is set to be field-independent. The numerical analysis reveals several different phases with three multicritical points.
- effective average action
- functional renormalization group
- O (1) model
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Astronomy and Astrophysics